MolluscaBase source details

Kilburn R.N. (1985). The family Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in southern Africa and Mozambique. Annals of the Natal Museum. 27(1): 239-337.
222060
Kilburn R.N.
1985
The family Epitoniidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) in southern Africa and Mozambique
Annals of the Natal Museum
27(1): 239-337
Publication
CLEMAM P0776
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2016-01-22 17:20:00Z
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Acirsa Mörch, 1857 (additional source)
Acirsa amara Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Acrilla analogica Barnard, 1963 accepted as Plastiscala analogica (Barnard, 1963) (basis of record)
Acrilla natalis Barnard, 1963 accepted as Amaea natalis (Barnard, 1963) (basis of record)
Acrilla thalia Bartsch, 1915 accepted as Acrilla minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873) (source of synonymy)
Alexania Strand, 1928 (additional source)
Alexania natalensis (Tomlin, 1926) (basis of record)
Alora H. Adams, 1861 (additional source)
Alora rapunculus Kilburn, 1975 (basis of record)
Amaea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 (additional source)
Amaea (Acrilla) minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873) accepted as Acrilla minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873) (basis of record)
Amaea (Acrilla) xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903) accepted as Gyroscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903) (basis of record)
Amaea (Amaea) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 represented as Amaea H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 (additional source)
Amaea (Amaea) foulisi Kilburn, 1985 represented as Amaea foulisi Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Amaea (Filiscala) youngi Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Filiscala youngi (Kilburn, 1985) (original description)
Amaea magnifica (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Amaea minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873) accepted as Acrilla minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873) (basis of record)
Amaea natalis (Barnard, 1963) (basis of record)
Amaea sulcata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Amaea xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903) accepted as Gyroscala xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903) (basis of record)
Chuniscala agulhasensis (Thiele, 1925) (basis of record)
Chuniscala rectilamellata Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Cirsotrema Mörch, 1852 (additional source)
Cirsotrema (Cirsotrema) krousma Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Cirsotrema krousma Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Cirsotrema (Cirsotrema) varicosum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Cirsotrema varicosum (Lamarck, 1822) (basis of record)
Cirsotrema (Rectacirsa) Iredale, 1936 accepted as Rectacirsa Iredale, 1936 (basis of record)
Cirsotrema (Rectacirsa) peltei (Viader, 1938) accepted as Rectacirsa peltei (Viader, 1938) (basis of record)
Cirsotrema peltei (Viader, 1938) accepted as Rectacirsa peltei (Viader, 1938) (basis of record)
Cirsotrema pentidesmium Berry, 1963 accepted as Rectacirsa pentidesmium (Berry, 1963) (basis of record)
Cirsotrema varicosum (Lamarck, 1822) (additional source)
Claviscala de Boury, 1909 (additional source)
Claviscala terebralioides (Kilburn, 1975) (basis of record)
Compressiscala Masahito & Habe, 1976 accepted as Gregorioiscala Cossmann, 1912 (additional source)
Compressiscala transkeiana Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Gregorioiscala transkeiana (Kilburn, 1985) (original description)
Cycloscala Dall, 1889 (additional source)
Cycloscala gazae Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Cycloscala hyalina (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (additional source)
Epitonium Röding, 1798 (additional source)
Epitonium (Asperiscala) spyridion Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium spyridion Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Depressiscala) de Boury, 1909 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (additional source)
Epitonium (Depressiscala) confusum (E. A. Smith, 1890) accepted as Epitonium umbilicatum (Pease, 1869) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Epitonium) jimpyae Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium jimpyae Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Epitonium) sallykaicherae Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium sallykaicherae Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Epitonium) scalare (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Epitonium scalare (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Epitonium) sororastra Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium sororastra Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Epitonium) syoichiroi Masahito & Habe, 1976 represented as Epitonium syoichiroi Masahito & Habe, 1976 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Foliaceiscala) de Boury, 1912 accepted as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Foliaceiscala) falconi Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium falconi Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Foliaceiscala) lacrima Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium lacrima Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Globiscala) de Boury, 1909 accepted as Globiscala de Boury, 1909 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Globiscala) bullatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) represented as Epitonium bullatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) accepted as Globiscala bullata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Hirtoscala) anabathmos Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium anabathmos Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Hirtoscala) tenebrosum (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) represented as Epitonium tenebrosum (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Hyaloscala) de Boury, 1889 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Hyaloscala) kraussi (Nyst, 1871) represented as Epitonium kraussi (Nyst, 1871) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Hyaloscala) oppositum (de Boury, 1921) represented as Epitonium oppositum (de Boury, 1921) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Labeoscala) de Boury, 1912 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Labeoscala) brachyspeira Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium brachyspeira Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Laeviscala) de Boury, 1909 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (additional source)
Epitonium (Laeviscala) fucatum (Pease, 1861) represented as Epitonium fucatum (Pease, 1861) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Laeviscala) gracile (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) represented as Epitonium gracile (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Laeviscala) histricosum (Jousseaume, 1912) represented as Epitonium histricosum (Jousseaume, 1912) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Lamelliscala) fasciatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) represented as Epitonium fasciatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Lamelliscala) pteroen Kilburn, 1977 represented as Epitonium pteroen Kilburn, 1977 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Librariscala) Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (original description)
Epitonium (Librariscala) macromphalus E. A. Smith, 1910 represented as Epitonium macromphalus E. A. Smith, 1910 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Librariscala) millecostatum (Pease, 1861) represented as Epitonium millecostatum (Pease, 1861) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Librariscala) parvonatrix Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium parvonatrix Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Limiscala) de Boury, 1909 accepted as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Limiscala) crypticocorona Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium crypticocorona Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Limiscala) lyra (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) accepted as Epitonium lyra (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Limiscala) maraisi Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium maraisi Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Limiscala) psomion Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium psomion Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Minutiscala) de Boury, 1909 accepted as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Minutiscala) blaisei (Barnard, 1963) accepted as Epitonium blaisei (Barnard, 1963) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Nitidiscala) de Boury, 1909 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (additional source)
Epitonium (Nitidiscala) eboreum (E. A. Smith, 1906) represented as Epitonium eboreum (E. A. Smith, 1906) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Nitidiscala) synekhes Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium synekhes Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Papyriscala) emiliae (Melvill & Standen, 1903) represented as Epitonium emiliae (Melvill & Standen, 1903) (additional source)
Epitonium (Papyriscala) robillardi (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894) represented as Epitonium robillardi (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Parviscala) de Boury, 1887 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Parviscala) amiculum Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium amiculum Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) climacotum Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium climacotum Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) columba Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium columba Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) harpago Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium harpago Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) mzambanum Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium mzambanum Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) repandior Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium repandior Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) repandum Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium repandum Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) tamsinae Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium tamsinae Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) thyraeum Kilburn, 1985 represented as Epitonium thyraeum Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Parviscala) townsendi (Melvill & Standen, 1903) represented as Epitonium townsendi (Melvill & Standen, 1903) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Perlucidiscala) alabiforme Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium alabiforme Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Pupiscala) Mashahito, Kuroda & Habe, 1971 accepted as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Pupiscala) opeas Kilburn, 1985 accepted as Epitonium opeas Kilburn, 1985 (original description)
Epitonium (Sodaliscala) de Boury, 1909 represented as Epitonium Röding, 1798 (basis of record)
Epitonium (Sodaliscala) illovoense (Barnard, 1963) represented as Epitonium illovoense (Barnard, 1963) (basis of record)
Epitonium (Sodaliscala) multicostatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) represented as Epitonium multicostatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Epitonium blaisei (Barnard, 1963) (redescription)
Epitonium fasciatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Epitonium kraussi (Nyst, 1871) (basis of record)
Agulhas Bank for Acirsa amara Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Agulhas Bank for Chuniscala agulhasensis (Thiele, 1925)  (origin: native - endemic)
Agulhas Bank for Epitonium (Pupiscala) opeas Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Agulhas Bank for Epitonium tenebrosum (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Agulhas Bank for Plastiscala analogica (Barnard, 1963)  (origin: native - endemic)
Agulhas Bank for Scala agulhasensis Thiele, 1925 
Agulhas Bank for Scala blaisei Barnard, 1963  (origin: native - endemic)
Algoa Bay for Epitonium (Papyriscala) emiliae (Melvill & Standen, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Angolan Exclusive Economic Zone for Epitonium tenebrosum (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Bazaruto Archipelago for Epitonium (Globiscala) bullatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Bazaruto Archipelago for Epitonium (Librariscala) millecostatum (Pease, 1861)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Bazaruto Archipelago for Epitonium (Papyriscala) emiliae (Melvill & Standen, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Bazaruto Archipelago for Epitonium (Parviscala) repandior Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Bazaruto Archipelago for Epitonium pteroen Kilburn, 1977  (origin: native - endemic)
Comoro Islands for Epitonium syoichiroi Masahito & Habe, 1976  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Conducia bay for Amaea sulcata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Conducia bay for Epitonium (Nitidiscala) synekhes Kilburn, 1985 
Durban for Acrilla natalis Barnard, 1963 
Durban for Epitonium (Epitonium) sallykaicherae Kilburn, 1985 
Durban Bay for Amaea (Filiscala) youngi Kilburn, 1985 
Durban Bay for Amaea youngi Kilburn, 1985 
Durban Bay for Cirsotrema krousma Kilburn, 1985 
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Asperiscala) spyridion Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Epitonium) scalare (Linnaeus, 1758)  (doubtful)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Foliaceiscala) lacrima Kilburn, 1985 
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Papyriscala) robillardi (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Parviscala) climacotum Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Parviscala) columba Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Parviscala) harpago Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Parviscala) thyraeum Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Durban Bay for Epitonium (Perlucidiscala) alabiforme Kilburn, 1985 
Durban Bay for Epitonium scalare (Linnaeus, 1758)  (doubtful)
Durban Bay for Opalia (Pliciscala) methoria Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Gulf of Oman for Epitonium sallykaicherae Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Hawaii for Scalaria fucata Pease, 1861  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Hawaii for Scalaria millecostata Pease, 1861  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Karachi Coast for Epitonium lacrima Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mauritius for Scalaria robillardi G. B. Sowerby III, 1894 
Mozambican Coast for Amaea (Acrilla) minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Cirsotrema (Cirsotrema) varicosum (Lamarck, 1822)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium (Depressiscala) confusum (E. A. Smith, 1890)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium (Epitonium) scalare (Linnaeus, 1758)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium (Laeviscala) gracile (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium (Limiscala) lyra (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium (Papyriscala) robillardi (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium (Sodaliscala) multicostatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium fasciatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Epitonium simplex (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Coast for Gyroscala coronata (Lamarck, 1816)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Alora rapunculus Kilburn, 1975 
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Gyroscala lamellosa (Lamarck, 1822)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican Exclusive Economic Zone for Opalia (Claviscala) terebralioides Kilburn, 1975  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambican part of the Mozambique Channel for Amaea minor (G. B. Sowerby II, 1873)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Mozambique for Cirsotrema varicosum (Lamarck, 1822) 
Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone for Epitonium kraussi (Nyst, 1871)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Alexania natalensis (Tomlin, 1926)  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Amaea (Acrilla) xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Amaea foulisi Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Amaea natalis (Barnard, 1963)  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Amaea xenicima (Melvill & Standen, 1903) 
Natal for Amaea youngi Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Chuniscala rectilamellata Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Cirsotrema (Rectacirsa) peltei (Viader, 1938)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cirsotrema krousma Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Cirsotrema peltei (Viader, 1938)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Claviscala terebralioides (Kilburn, 1975)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Compressiscala transkeiana Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Cycloscala gazae Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Cycloscala hyalina (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Depressiscala) confusum (E. A. Smith, 1890)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Foliaceiscala) falconi Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Globiscala) bullatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Labeoscala) brachyspeira Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Laeviscala) fucatum (Pease, 1861)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Laeviscala) gracile (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Laeviscala) histricosum (Jousseaume, 1912)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Librariscala) millecostatum (Pease, 1861)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Librariscala) parvonatrix Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Limiscala) antisoa (Iredale, 1936)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Limiscala) crypticocorona Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Limiscala) maraisi Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Limiscala) psomion Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Nitidiscala) eboreum (E. A. Smith, 1906)  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Papyriscala) emiliae (Melvill & Standen, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Parviscala) amiculum Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Parviscala) mzambanum Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Parviscala) repandum Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Parviscala) tamsinae Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Parviscala) townsendi (Melvill & Standen, 1903)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium (Sodaliscala) multicostatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium alabiforme Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium anabathmos Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium fasciatum (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium jimpyae Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
Natal for Epitonium lacrima Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium sallykaicherae Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium simplex (G. B. Sowerby III, 1894)  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium sororastra Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native)
Natal for Epitonium syoichiroi Masahito & Habe, 1976  (origin: native - non-endemic)
Natal for Epitonium thyraeum Kilburn, 1985  (origin: native - endemic)
 Distribution

Natal to Pakistan [details]

 Distribution

Hawaii and Red Sea to eastern Transkei [details]

 Distribution

Philippines and Red Sea to Natal [details]

 Remark

No further material of this species has become available since its description (Kilburn, 1985). [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 synonymy

Original combination [details]

 Taxonomic remark

Kilburn (1985) regarded S. replicata as a nomen dubium [details]

 Type locality

unknown [= False Bay; designated by Kilburn, 1985] [details]

 Type locality

‘Isl. Mindoro of the Philippines’ (restricted by Kilburn, 1985) [details]

 Type locality

‘Isl. Mindoro of the Philippines’ (restricted by Kilburn, 1985) [details]

 Type locality

Sagami Bay, Japan. [details]

 Type locality

Type locality restricted to Port Shepstone by Kilburn (1985) [details]

 Type material

Lectotype designated by Kilburn (1985). [details]

 Type material

Lectotype designated by Kilburn (1985) NHMUK 1906.6.23.27 [details]

 Type material

Neotype designated by Kilburn (1985) [details]


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