Connolly, M. (1939). A monographic survey of South African non-marine Mollusca. <em>Annals of the South African Museum 33: 1–660.</em>
page(s): 321 [details]
basis of record
Pilsbry, H.A. (1919). A review of the land mollusks of the Belgian Congo chiefly based on the collections of the American Museum Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 40: 1-370, pls I-XXIII., available online at http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/handle/2246/916
page(s): 79 [details]
Connolly, M. (1925). The non-marine Mollusca of Portuguese East Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 12 (3): 105-220, pl. 4-8. Cape Town. [March].
page(s): 168 [details]
source of synonymy
Mead, A.R. (1994). A new subfamily and genus in Achatinidae (Pulmonata: Sigmurethra). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum of London (Zoology), 60 (1): 1-37.
page(s): 26 [details]
From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark Nom. nov. for Achatina fragils E. A. Smith 1899 (non Deshayes, 1864) [details]