MolluscaBase taxon details

Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778)

140302  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140302)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofTrigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47268#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 198-199 [details]   
Description A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A...  
Description A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Distribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001...  
Distribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Spisula subtruncata (da Costa, 1778). Accessed at: http://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140302 on 2018-12-12
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofMactra deltoides Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). <i>Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres</i>. Tome 5. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra euxinica Krynicki, 1837) Krynicki A.J. (1837) Conchylia tam terrestria, quam fluviatilia et e maribus adjacentibus Imperii Rossici indigena, quae pro mutua offeruntur historiae naturalis cultoribus commutatione. Bulletin de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 10(2): 50–64, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41311962 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra lactea Poli, 1791) Poli, J. X. (1791). Testacea vtrivsqve Siciliae eorvmqve historia et anatome tabvlis aeneis illvstrata. <em>Ex Regio Typographeio, Parmae.</em> 5: 1-303, plates 1-18., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150833#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMactra striata T. Brown, 1827) Brown, T. (1827). Illustrations of the conchology of Great Britain and Ireland. Drawn from nature. <em>W.H. Lizars and D. Lizars, Edinburgh and S. Highley, London.</em> 144 pp., 52 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127868 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra triangula Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi, G. B. (1814) Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente. <i>Milano Vol. I</i>: pp. LXXX + 56 + 240; Vol. II, p. 241-712, pl. 1-16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTrigonella subtruncata da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47268#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 198-199 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra subtruncata var. inaequalis Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J.G. (1862-1869). <i>British conchology</i>. Vol. 1: pp. cxiv + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864]. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 420 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra subtruncata var. tenuis Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J.G. (1862-1869). <i>British conchology</i>. Vol. 1: pp. cxiv + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864]. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 420 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra subtruncata var. transversa Pallary, 1902) Pallary, P. (1902). Liste des mollusques testacés de la baie de Tanger. <em>Journal de Conchyliologie.</em> 50: 1-39, pl. 1., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16318852
page(s): 35 [details]   

original description  (ofMactra subtruncata var. conemenosi Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P. & Dollfus G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, november 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, august 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, may 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, april 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, april 1891; pp. 221-272, pl. 38-44, april 1892; pp. 273-320, pl. 45-51, may 1892; pp. 321-388, pl. 52-59, november 1893; pp. 389-450, pl. 60-67, december 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, march 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, april 1896; p. 621-690, pl. 89-95, march 1898; p. 693-884, pl. 96-99, october 1898]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103592 [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. <em>Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8.</em> vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology This species probably spawns in winter and early spring. The pelagic larval stage seems to last fairly long. S. subtruncata is a suspension feeder and forms an important food item for diving birds like the Common Scooter that overwinter along the Dutch coast (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Wolff, 1973). [details]

Description A solid shell with a more or less triangular shape but assymmetrical: the back is somewhat more
rounded than the front. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves cover the shell. The growth
lines are clearly visible. Measures up to 30 mm long. Fresh specimens are cream-coloured or yellowish white with a dun epidermis. [details]

Distribution The distribution area of Spisula subtruncata stretches across the entire Belgian part of the North Sea. In the 1994-2001 period, however, a preference for the near-coastal zone could be observed. Very high concentrations (up to 1,300 ind./m2) were especially observed near the western near-coastal zone. [details]

Habitat S. subtruncata lives in bottoms consisting of sand and muddy fine sand (Ziegelmeier, 1957; Tebble, 1966). [details]

Habitat Spisula subtruncata occurs in different sediment types: from very fine to coarse sand and from low to high mud content. However, a preference can be observed for rather fine-grained sediments (median grain size 150-250 μm) enriched with mud (mud content of 10-40%). Spisula subtruncata is present in 60% of these sediment types. [details]

Morphology A solid shell, somewhat triangular in outline with rounded corners. Large specimens reach 25 mm in length. A sculpture of fine concentric lines and grooves covers the shell. The growth stages are clear. It is dirty white in colour, with a greenish or greyish brown periostracum. The inside of the shell is white (Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990) [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish hvælvet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch halfgeknotte strandschelp  [details]
English cut trough shell  [details]
French spisule tronquée  [details]
German gedrungene Trogmuschel  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) ΠετσινάκιΑχιβαδάκι  [details]