MolluscaBase taxon details

Melanopsis fossilis (Gmelin, 1791) †

821990  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:821990)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
fossil only
(of Buccinum fossile Gmelin, 1791 †) Gmelin J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 13. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3485 [details]   
Nomenclature The taxon was first mentioned in the Catalogus by Walch (1768, p. 121, pl. C. II.*, figs 1-5), yet without name. Martini...  
Nomenclature The taxon was first mentioned in the Catalogus by Walch (1768, p. 121, pl. C. II.*, figs 1-5), yet without name. Martini (1777, p. 203, pl. 94, figs 912-914) described and illustrated the species as Pyrum fossile monstrosum f. amorphon and referred to Walch’s work. Martini's work is, however, not available according to Op. 184 of the Code.
Gmelin (1791, p. 3485) referred to Martini’s work, described the species and was the first to assign a valid name to the taxon ("Buccinum fossile").

Férussac (1823), who was the first to combine the species with Melanopsis, listed the records by Walch, Martini as well as Gmelin but apparently did not consider fossile a valid name and introduced Melanopsis martiniana as new name. That name is an objective synonym and thus permanently invalid (see also Pallary, 1916, p. 81).

Papp (1953) designated the specimen illustrated by Martini (1777, pl. 94, figs 913) as lectotype. Since Gmelin referred to the same specimens when describing the species, this designation is valid (see also Art. 74.5).

The last summary of the status of M. fossilis was provided by Fischer (1996), but his conclusions were unfortunately based on misinterpretations and nomenclatural errors. He was unaware of the fact that Melanopsis martiniana is an objective synonym of M. fossilis. Moreover, he considered the outcrops near Siegendorf as “Locus typicus restrictus”, a term not existing in nomenclature. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Melanopsis fossilis (Gmelin, 1791) †. Accessed at: http://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=821990 on 2019-10-14
Date
action
by
2014-11-07 11:36:15Z
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2017-06-29 14:23:28Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Melanopsis martiniana A. Férussac, 1823 †) Férussac, A.E.J.P.F. d'Audebard de (1823). Monographie des espèces vivantes et fossiles du genre Mélanopside, Melanopsis, et observations géologiques à leur sujet. Mémoires de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, Série 2, 1 (1): 132-164, pl. 7-8. Paris., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/3555191
page(s): 155, pl. 8, figs 11-13 [details]   

original description  (of Buccinum fossile Gmelin, 1791 †) Gmelin J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 13. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3485 [details]   

original description  (of Melanopsis capulus Handmann, 1882 †) Handmann, R. (1882). Die fossile Molluskenfauna von Kottingbrunn. Jahrbuch der k.k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt. 32, 543-564., available online at http://opac.geologie.ac.at/wwwopacx/wwwopac.ashx?command=getcontent&server=images&value=JB0324_543_A.pdf
page(s): 554 [details]   

original description  (of Melanopsis spiralis Handmann, 1882 †) Handmann, R. (1882). Die fossile Molluskenfauna von Kottingbrunn. Jahrbuch der k.k. Geologischen Reichsanstalt. 32, 543-564., available online at http://opac.geologie.ac.at/wwwopacx/wwwopac.ashx?command=getcontent&server=images&value=JB0324_543_A.pdf
page(s): 555 [details]   

original description  (of Melanopsis (Martinia) martiniana var. accedens Handmann, 1887 †) Handmann, R. (1887). Die fossile Conchylienfauna von Leobersdorf im Tertiärbecken von Wien. Aschendorff, Münster. , available online at http://sammlungen.ulb.uni-muenster.de/hd/content/pageview/2023144
page(s): 24-25, pl. 3, figs 15-16 [details]   

original description  (of Melanopsis (Martinia) martiniana var. proclivis Handmann, 1887 †) Handmann, R. (1887). Die fossile Conchylienfauna von Leobersdorf im Tertiärbecken von Wien. Aschendorff, Münster. , available online at http://sammlungen.ulb.uni-muenster.de/hd/content/pageview/2023144
page(s): 25, pl. 4, figs 1-2 [details]   

original description  (of Melanopsis (Martinia) martiniana var. propinqua Handmann, 1887 †) Handmann, R. (1887). Die fossile Conchylienfauna von Leobersdorf im Tertiärbecken von Wien. Aschendorff, Münster. , available online at http://sammlungen.ulb.uni-muenster.de/hd/content/pageview/2023144
page(s): 25, pl. 4, figs 3-4 [details]   

basis of record Wenz, W. (1923-1930). Fossilium Catalogus I: Animalia. Gastropoda extramarina tertiaria. W. Junk, Berlin. Vol. I: 1-352 pp. (1923), Vol. II: 353-736 pp. (1923), Vol. III: 737-1068 pp. (1923), Vol. IV: 1069-1420 pp. (1923), Vol. V: 1421-1734 pp. (1923), Vol. VI: 1735-1862 pp. (1923), Vol. VII: 1863-2230 pp. (1926), Vol. VIII: 2231-2502 pp. (1928), Vol. IX: 2503-2886 pp. (1929), Vol. X: 2887-3014 pp. (1929), Vol. XI: 3015-3387 pp. (1930)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/61839#/summary
page(s): 2714 [details]   

additional source Fischer, W. (1996). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der rezenten und fossilen Melanopsidea V. Melanopsis handmanniana nov. nomen und Melanopsis fossilis (Gmelin 1790) (Gastropoda, Prosobranchia). <em>Club Conchylia Informationen.</em> 28 (1/2), 25-38. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature The taxon was first mentioned in the Catalogus by Walch (1768, p. 121, pl. C. II.*, figs 1-5), yet without name. Martini (1777, p. 203, pl. 94, figs 912-914) described and illustrated the species as Pyrum fossile monstrosum f. amorphon and referred to Walch’s work. Martini's work is, however, not available according to Op. 184 of the Code.
Gmelin (1791, p. 3485) referred to Martini’s work, described the species and was the first to assign a valid name to the taxon ("Buccinum fossile").

Férussac (1823), who was the first to combine the species with Melanopsis, listed the records by Walch, Martini as well as Gmelin but apparently did not consider fossile a valid name and introduced Melanopsis martiniana as new name. That name is an objective synonym and thus permanently invalid (see also Pallary, 1916, p. 81).

Papp (1953) designated the specimen illustrated by Martini (1777, pl. 94, figs 913) as lectotype. Since Gmelin referred to the same specimens when describing the species, this designation is valid (see also Art. 74.5).

The last summary of the status of M. fossilis was provided by Fischer (1996), but his conclusions were unfortunately based on misinterpretations and nomenclatural errors. He was unaware of the fact that Melanopsis martiniana is an objective synonym of M. fossilis. Moreover, he considered the outcrops near Siegendorf as “Locus typicus restrictus”, a term not existing in nomenclature. [details]
 


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