MolluscaBase source details

Richmond, M. (Ed.) (1997). A guide to the seashores of Eastern Africa and the Western Indian Ocean islands. Sida/Department for Research Cooperation, SAREC: Stockholm, Sweden. ISBN 91-630-4594-X. 448 pp.
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Acanthopleura gemmata (Blainville, 1825) (basis of record)
Acanthopleura haddoni Winckworth, 1927 accepted as Acanthopleura vaillantii Rochebrune, 1882 (source of synonymy)
Acanthopleura haddoni Winckworth, 1927 accepted as Acanthopleura vaillantii Rochebrune, 1882 (basis of record)
Acanthopleura spinosa (Bruguière, 1792) (basis of record)
Acmaea saccharina (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Patelloida saccharina (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Amaea acuminata (Sowerby II, 1844) accepted as Acrilla acuminata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1844) (basis of record)
Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Asteronotus cespitosus (van Hasselt, 1824) (additional source)
Bursa rubeta (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Tutufa (Tutufella) rubeta (Linnaeus, 1758) represented as Tutufa rubeta (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Bursatella leachi [sic] accepted as Bursatella leachii Blainville, 1817 (basis of record)
Cantharus fumosus (Dillwyn, 1817) accepted as Pollia fumosa (Dillwyn, 1817) (additional source)
Cantharus undosus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Pollia undosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Cassis glauca (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Phalium glaucum (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Cellana capensis (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Cheilea papyracea (Reeve, 1858) accepted as Cheilea equestris (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Chelidonura amoena Bergh, 1905 (basis of record)
Chelidonura electra Rudman, 1970 (additional source)
Clypeomorus bifasciata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1855) (additional source)
Clypeomorus morus (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Clypeomorus bifasciata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1855) (source of synonymy)
Conus litoglyphus Hwass in Bruguière, 1792 (additional source)
Cronia konkanensis (Melvill, 1893) accepted as Semiricinula konkanensis (Melvill, 1893) (basis of record)
Cymatium tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Gutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Dendropoma corallinaceum (Tomlin, 1939) (additional source)
Dentalium bisexangulatum G. B. Sowerby II, 1860 (additional source)
Diala lauta (Adams, 1862) accepted as Diala suturalis (A. Adams, 1853) (basis of record)
Discodoris fragilis (Alder & Hancock, 1864) accepted as Sebadoris fragilis (Alder & Hancock, 1864) (additional source)
Drupa fusconigra (Dunker, 1871) accepted as Semiricinula squamosa (Pease, 1868) (basis of record)
Elysia ornata (Swainson, 1840) (additional source)
Engina mendicaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Eutritonium tuberosum (Lamarck, 1822) accepted as Gutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Ficus gracilis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825) (additional source)
Ficus subintermedius [sic] † accepted as Ficus subintermedia (d'Orbigny, 1852) † (additional source)
Fryeria marindica (Yonow & Hayward, 1991) accepted as Phyllidia marindica (Yonow & Hayward, 1991) (basis of record)
Gibbula capensis (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Gibbula townsendi G. B. Sowerby III, 1895 accepted as Agagus agagus Jousseaume, 1894 (additional source)
Glossodoris atromarginata (Cuvier, 1804) accepted as Doriprismatica atromarginata (Cuvier, 1804) (basis of record)
Glossodoris plumbea (Pagenstecher, 1877) accepted as Doriprismatica plumbea (Pagenstecher, 1877) (basis of record)
Gutturnium muricinum (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Hexabranchus marginatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832) accepted as Hexabranchus sanguineus (Rüppell & Leuckart, 1830) (basis of record)
Malea pommum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Malea pomum (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Melibe pilosa Pease, 1860 (additional source)
Merica melanostoma (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849) (basis of record)
Mitra (Strigatella) scutulata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Strigatella scutulata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Mitra brunnea (Pease, 1868) accepted as Mitra fastigium Reeve, 1845 accepted as Nebularia fastigium (Reeve, 1845) (additional source)
Mitra nitilina (Spry, 1961) accepted as Mitra fastigium Reeve, 1845 accepted as Nebularia fastigium (Reeve, 1845) (basis of record)
Mitra oleacea Reeve, 1844 accepted as Vexillum oleacea (Reeve, 1844) (additional source)
Morula margariticola (Broderip in Broderip & Sowerby, 1833) accepted as Drupella margariticola (Broderip, 1833) (basis of record)
Nassarius echinatus (A. Adams, 1852) (basis of record)
Nerita plexa Dillwyn, 1817 accepted as Nerita textilis Gmelin, 1791 (source of synonymy)
Nerita textilis Gmelin, 1791 (additional source)
Oxystele tabularis (F. Krauss, 1848) (additional source)
Phenacolepas galathea (Lamarck, 1819) accepted as Zacalantica galathea (Lamarck, 1819) (basis of record)
Phyllidia arabica Ehrenberg, 1831 accepted as Phyllidia varicosa Lamarck, 1801 (basis of record)
Phyllidia varicosa Lamarck, 1801 (basis of record)
Phyllidiella zeylanica (Kelaart, 1859) (basis of record)
Phyllodesmium hyalinum Ehrenberg, 1831 (additional source)
Placobranchus ocellatus van Hasselt, 1824 accepted as Plakobranchus ocellatus van Hasselt, 1824 (basis of record)
Platydoris scabra (Cuvier, 1804) (basis of record)
Pleurobranchus semperi (Vayssière, 1896) (basis of record)
Purpura panama (Röding, 1798) (additional source)
Pyrene ocellata (Link, 1807) accepted as Pictocolumbella ocellata (Link, 1807) (basis of record)
Septa gemmata (Reeve, 1844) accepted as Monoplex gemmatus (Reeve, 1844) (basis of record)
Siphonaria tenuicostulata E. A. Smith, 1903 accepted as Siphonaria carbo Hanley, 1858 (basis of record)
Smaragdinella canaliculata (Broderip & Sowerby) accepted as Smaragdinella calyculata (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (basis of record)
Stomatella varia (A. Adams, 1850) accepted as Stomatella auricula Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Strigatella brunnea Pease, 1868 accepted as Strigatella fastigium (Reeve, 1845) accepted as Nebularia fastigium (Reeve, 1845) (source of synonymy)
Strigatella buryi (Melvill & Sykes, 1899) accepted as Mitra chrysalis Reeve, 1844 accepted as Pseudonebularia chrysalis (Reeve, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Strigatella nitilina Spry, 1961 accepted as Mitra fastigium Reeve, 1845 accepted as Nebularia fastigium (Reeve, 1845) (source of synonymy)
Strigatella oleacea (Reeve, 1844) accepted as Zierliana oleacea (Reeve, 1844) accepted as Vexillum oleacea (Reeve, 1844) (basis of record)
Strigatella pellisserpentis (Reeve, 1844) accepted as Nebularia pellisserpentis (Reeve, 1844) (source of synonymy)
Stylocheilus longicauda (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825) (additional source)
Terebra oahuensis Pilsbry, 1921 accepted as Hastula lanceata (Linnaeus, 1767) (basis of record)
Thais cornus (Röding, 1798) accepted as Drupella cornus (Röding, 1798) (source of synonymy)
Trochus maculatus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Trochus nigropunctatus Reeve, 1861 (basis of record)
Trochus verrucosus Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Trochus maculatus Linnaeus, 1758 (source of synonymy)
Vexillum (Vexillum) rugosum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Vexillum rugosum (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Volema paradisiaca Röding, 1798 accepted as Volema pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Volema pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) (basis of record)
Xenophora (Xenophora) corrugata (Reeve, 1842) represented as Xenophora corrugata (Reeve, 1842) (additional source)
Zeuxis olivaceus (Marrat, 1877) accepted as Nassarius olivaceus (Bruguière, 1789) (basis of record)
English barrel sponge for Xestospongia testudinaria (Lamarck, 1815)
English bath sponge for Spongia (Spongia) ceylonensis (Dendy, 1905)
English beaded triton [from synonym] for Septa gemmata (Reeve, 1844)
English black bush sponge for 
English black sack sponge for Tetrapocillon minor Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
English by-the-wind-sailor for Velella velella (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Chili pepper sponge [from synonym] for Tedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792)
English false limpet [from synonym] for Siphonaria tenuicostulata E. A. Smith, 1903
English fire sponge [from synonym] for Tedania anhelans (Vio in Olivi, 1792)
English golfball sponge for Tethya robusta (Bowerbank, 1873)
English lion's mane jellyfish [from synonym] for Cyanea nozaki
English mango sponge [from synonym] for Stylotella aurantium Kelly-Borges & Bergquist, 1988
English mangrove whelk for Terebralia palustris (Linnaeus, 1767)
English moon jellyfish for Aurelia aurita (Linnaeus, 1758)
English Portuguese man-of-war for Physalia physalis (Linnaeus, 1758)
English purple-staining sponge for Iotrochota baculifera Ridley, 1884
English spiky tube sponge for Callyspongia confoederata (sensu Ridley, 1884)
English spindle tibia for Tibia fusus (Linnaeus, 1758)
English stinging tube sponge for Biemna fistulosa (Topsent, 1897)
English sundial for Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
English tennis-ball sponge [from synonym] for Cinachyrella voeltzkowii
English thimble jellyfish for Linuche unguiculata (Swartz, 1788)
English upside down jellyfish for Cassiopea andromeda (Forskål, 1775)
 Authority

Authority Chemnitz, 1781 in Dautzenberg, 1929 [details]

 Description

Similar to A. brevispinosa but with shorter spicules and a brown girdle with lighter bands. Habitat: upper littoral ... [details]

 Description

Up to 3 cm, with very fine axial ribs. Colour tan. Habitat: eulittoral and deeper. Distribution: W Indian Ocean to ... [details]

 Description

Shell up to 5 cm diameter. Colour white to yellowish-brown, lighter at the edges and beneath. Operculum horny and ... [details]

 Description

Up to 30 cm long. Distinctive, with ridges of large tubercles running down centre of body, and a series of ... [details]

 Description

Soft oval body, up to 7cm long, which has a trapezoidal flap at the front and is translucent orange or yellow. ... [details]

 Description

A broad, plump sea slug, up to 7cm, varying in colour from tan to brown or orange. Body is covered in simple and/or ... [details]

 Description

Thick shell, up to 4 cm, with tall spire and large body whorl, upper whorls separated by deep sutures, and the ... [details]

 Description

Distinctive, think shell, up to 4 cm, with numerous spiralled, brown cords on lighter background. Aperture toothed ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: Mangrove Forests. Thick, strong, elongate shells up to 3 cm, with five whorls and about 20 axial ribs. ... [details]

 Description

Evenly sub-circular shell, up to 2 cm, with undulating surface and a distinctive internal cup-shaped projection. ... [details]

 Description

Species up to 4 cm long, with central region orange brown, mottled with lighter and darker patches and dark purple ... [details]

 Description

Very variable shell, up to 3 cm, commonly with three granulated, spiral rows on each whorl (less pronounced towards ... [details]

 Description

Thick shell, up to 8 cm, with spire of varying height (mostly short), and with spiral ridges on the lower half of ... [details]

 Description

Up to 7 cm long. Black, sometimes with cream or white spots, the rhinophores with an elongated white knob at the ... [details]

 Description

Diameter up to 3mm, length variable. Similar to Vermetus sp. But much smaller. Flat, brown-red operculum with ... [details]

 Description

White, curved, tapering tube with 12 ridges along entire length, up to 5 cm long. Habitat: shallow and deep sand. ... [details]

 Description

Up to 5 mm, smooth, thin and glossy. Pale cream with bands of brown dashes. Habitat: among seaweed in shallow ... [details]

 Description

Oval and very flattened, up to 15 cm long. Well camouflaged by colouration of mottled creams, beiges, browns, ... [details]

 Description

Solid shell, up to 3 cm, with strong, low-spined varices. Colour variable, often brown or mottled, with pale ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: rocky shores. Tropical Indo-Pacific, also in Australia in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Up to 3 cm long. Distinguished from the two genera (Phyllidia arabica and Phyllidiella zeylanica) by a ventral anus ... [details]

 Description

Often a darker red than G. townsendi (Richmond, 1997) [details]

 Description

A distinctive, truly pelagic silvery blue mollusc, up to 6 cm long, with three pairs of arms. Floats upside-down ... [details]

 Description

Up to 5 cm long. Western Indian Ocean specimens tend to be olive-green, although geographical colour variations ... [details]

 Description

Larger, up to 7 cm, dark reddish-brown with white speckles, a broad, yellow band at mantle edge becoming ... [details]

 Description

Spanish Dancer Up to 40 cm long (larger in South Africa). A relatively common and distinctive species with a white, ... [details]

 Description

Up to 12 cm long. Variable shades of brown with brown and white blotches, squared cerata, and covered in papillae, ... [details]

 Description

Up to 4 cm. Description as for family though shells are more globular, with rounded shoulders, deep sutures and a ... [details]

 Description

Up to 3 cm, similar to N. albescens gemmuliferus, but with more widely spaced, spiny nodules arranged in spiral ... [details]

 Description

Small, smooth, rounded shells, up to 3 cm long, with a wide aperture. Characteristic axial zigzag markings on a ... [details]

 Description

Up to 7 cm long. Similar to Onchidium sp. but distinguished by its smaller size and the presence of gills on the ... [details]

 Description

Narrow, tubular shells, up to 6 cm, tapering at both ends. Habitat: usually on Gorgonians in deep water. ... [details]

 Description

Up to 4cm long. Occurs in a bewildering variety of colours, from light brown with creamy yellow or orange markings ... [details]

 Description

Solid, rubbery, tuberculate body, up to 10 cm long. Ground colour black, white tubercles with bright orange tips ... [details]

 Description

Up to 4 cm long. A very common species distinguished by a squared pattern at the head end. Bands of low pink ... [details]

 Description

Body is broad, truncate, and rather flattened, up to 4 cm long. Ground colour is usually pale green, beige, or ... [details]

 Description

Up to 8 cm long. This frequently encountered species is very cryptic. The body is flat, mottled white and brown, ... [details]

 Description

Up to 10 cm long. Animals may vary in colour from brown or red to orange. Dorsal pattern of dark and light polygons ... [details]

 Description

Unmistakable large, elongated, solid and heavy shell, up to 20 cm. Shoulders of body and upper whorls with thick, ... [details]

 Description

Habitat: muddy shore (Ruwa, 1984 <109>). Pure white shells, rather elongated in shape, up to 4 cm; chestnut-brown, ... [details]

 Description

Up to 7 cm . One of the most common aeolids found, this species has many clusters of cerata on each side. Body ... [details]

 Description

Up to 2 cm, description as family. Colour dark brown to black, with white or yellow spots or zigzag lines. ... [details]

 Description

Small, solid shell, up to 4 cm, with 1-2 varices and 10-15 prominent knobbly, spiral chords on each whorl. Outer ... [details]

 Description

Flattened shell, up to 3cm, with fine, radiating, pale ridges on a darker background. Circular outline with a ... [details]

 Description

Up to 2 cm long, mottled in shades of green with a few flecks of white and brown. Almost invisible, but probably ... [details]

 Description

Elongasted, translucent, striped body, up to 8 cm long. Often prickly appearance, and with luminicent blue to ... [details]

 Description
 for 

A large, solid shell, up to 20 cm, with long spire, small body whorl, and an outer lip with 5-7 blunt teeth. ... [details]

 Description

Description: as T. oryza, but lacking dorsal groove. (Richmond, 1997). [details]

 Description

Description: as T. virgatus, but paler brown with darker bands and spots. Distribution: occurs in the southern part ... [details]

 Description

A heavy, solid shell with high spire, up to 5 cm. Body whorl smooth, upper whorls ribbed. Inner margin of lip ... [details]

 Publication date

Year of descrition from Dautzenberg, 1929 [details]

 Publication date

Year of description from Dautzenberg, 1929 [details]

 Publication date

Year of description from Dautzenberg, 1929. Lamarck as author in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Remark

A. caespitosa in . [details]

 Remark

Placement in family follows . [details]

 Remark

Implied [details]

 Remark

implied [details]

 Remark

Implied [details]

 Remark

Placement in family follows Debelius 1998 <502>. [details]

 Remark

Placement in family follows . [details]

 Spelling

spelled A. perspectivum; subgenus Solarium in Vine,1986 . [details]

 Spelling

S. longicaudus in Vine, 1986. [details]

 Spelling
 for 

Variant spelling of T. fusus Linnaeus, 1758? [details]


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