MolluscaBase taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia

105  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105)

Linnaeus, 1758
accepted
Class
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchifera (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelecypoda (synonym)
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia incertae sedis
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaeoheterodonta
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtobranchia
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteriomorphia

Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptodonta accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSolemyoidea Gray, 1840
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaeotaxodonta accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNuculida
Subclass Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaleoheterodonta accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaeoheterodonta (Spelling variation)
marine, brackish, fresh
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature This class of molluscs probably holds a record...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature This class of molluscs probably holds a record of alternative names which have been applied to it. Among these Pelecypoda Goldfuss, 1820 and Lamellibranchiata de Blainville, 1816 have been quite extensively used in XXth century literature but Conchifera Lamarck, 1818 [not to be confused with Conchifera Gegenbaur, 1878, coined for a totally different concept of a taxon uniting all shelled molluscs except Polyplacophora] and Acephala Cuvier, 1795 also appear in the XIXth century literature.
Although "Bivalvia" is a valid name for the class and has gained general acceptance following the Treatise on Invertebrate Palaeontology (Cox in Moore, 1969), some would prefer "Pelecypoda", on the grounds that other animal groups exist with bivalved shells (e.g. Brachiopoda, Ostracoda and some Gastropoda), that some animals attributed to Bivalvia (e.g. Rostroconchia) have non-bivalved shells, and that the name is consonant with other molluscan classes.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The ordinal endings -ida and -oida have both...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The ordinal endings -ida and -oida have both been extensively employed in bivalve literature. We follow the suggested standardisation to -ida as used in the bivalve classifications by Scarlato and Starobogatov (1979), Bieler et al. (2010, 2014) and Carter et al. (2011), among others. [details]
Gofas, S. (2016). Bivalvia. Accessed through: MolluscaBase (2017) at http://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105 on 2017-12-13

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-01-30 14:43:20Z
changed
2016-05-09 08:14:19Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelecypoda) Goldfuss, G.A. (1820). Handbuch der Zoologie. In: Schubert, G.H. (ed.). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen. Erste Abteilung 1-696, pls. 1-2; Zweite Abteilung: i-xxiv, 1-510, pls. 3-4., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=x8ATAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 599 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamellibranchiata) Blainville, H. (1816). Prodrome d'une nouvelle distribution systématique du règne animal. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique de Paris. 1816: 105-112 [sic for 113-120] +121-124., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4153426
page(s): 122 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchifera) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337
page(s): vol. 5 p. 411 [details]   

additional source Taylor J. D., Kennedy W. J. & Hall A. (1973). The Shell Structure and Mineralogy of the Bivalvia. II. Lucinacea-Clavagellacea. Conclusions. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, London 22 (9): 253-294, pl. 15, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26495507 [details]   

additional source Bieler R. & Mikkelsen P. 2006. Bivalvia – a look at the Branches. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 148, 223–235., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00255.x [details]   

additional source Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. Malacologia 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

additional source Cox L.R. et al., 1969. Part N: Mollusca 6, Bivalvia. In R.C. Moore (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. 2 vol., 1224 p. [details]   

additional source Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Collins, T. M.; Glover, E. A.; González, V. L.; Graf, D. L.; Harper, E. M.; Healy, J.; Kawauchi, G. Y.; Sharma, P. P.; Staubach, S.; Strong, E. E.; Taylor, J. D.; Tëmkin, I.; Zardus, J. D.; Clark, S.; Guzmán, A.; McIntyre, E.; Sharp, P.; Giribet, G. (2014). Investigating the Bivalve Tree of Life – an exemplar-based approach combining molecular and novel morphological characters. Invertebrate Systematics. 28(1): 32-115., available online at http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=IS13010 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamellibranchiata) Blainville, H. M. D. de. (1824). Mollusques, Mollusca. In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles (F. Cuvier, ed.), vol. 32. Levrault, Strasbourg et Paris, & Le Normant, Paris. 1-392., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25299230
page(s): 306 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLamellibranchiata) Blainville H.M.D. de 1822. De l'organisation des animaux, ou Principes d'anatomie comparée. Tome premier, contenant la morphologie et l'aisthesiologie. Paris, Levrault, lix + 574 p. , available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=pVPd2ZJ0_HMC
page(s): 202 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPelecypoda) An outline for the classification of Phylum Mollusca in taxonomic databases [report elaborated by WoRMS editors for internal use, june 2010] [details]  OpenAccess publication 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Recent studies (e.g., Bieler et al., 2014) have confirmed that the Bivalvia consist of two major clades, Protobranchia and Autobranchia, with the latter dividing into Pteriomorphia and Heteroconchia. Heteroconchia in turn consist of Palaeoheterodonta and Heterodonta, with the latter dividing into Archiheterodonta and Euheterodonta. To avoid introducing additional Linnean ranks into the classification based on this hypothesized branching pattern of the bivalve tree, Autobranchia and Heteroconchia are not translated into ranks herein.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature This class of molluscs probably holds a record of alternative names which have been applied to it. Among these Pelecypoda Goldfuss, 1820 and Lamellibranchiata de Blainville, 1816 have been quite extensively used in XXth century literature but Conchifera Lamarck, 1818 [not to be confused with Conchifera Gegenbaur, 1878, coined for a totally different concept of a taxon uniting all shelled molluscs except Polyplacophora] and Acephala Cuvier, 1795 also appear in the XIXth century literature.
Although "Bivalvia" is a valid name for the class and has gained general acceptance following the Treatise on Invertebrate Palaeontology (Cox in Moore, 1969), some would prefer "Pelecypoda", on the grounds that other animal groups exist with bivalved shells (e.g. Brachiopoda, Ostracoda and some Gastropoda), that some animals attributed to Bivalvia (e.g. Rostroconchia) have non-bivalved shells, and that the name is consonant with other molluscan classes.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature The ordinal endings -ida and -oida have both been extensively employed in bivalve literature. We follow the suggested standardisation to -ida as used in the bivalve classifications by Scarlato and Starobogatov (1979), Bieler et al. (2010, 2014) and Carter et al. (2011), among others. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortweekleppigen  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbivalves and clamsUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbivalves  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormusslor  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorДвостулкові молюскиUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorДвостулкові  [details]