MolluscaBase taxon details

Bivalvia

105  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:105)

Linnaeus, 1758
accepted
Class
Conchifera (synonym)
Pelecypoda (synonym)
Subclass Bivalvia incertae sedis
Subclass Heterodonta
Subclass Palaeoheterodonta
Subclass Protobranchia
Subclass Pteriomorphia

Subclass Cryptodonta accepted as Solemyoidea Gray, 1840
Subclass Palaeotaxodonta accepted as Nuculida
Subclass Paleoheterodonta accepted as Palaeoheterodonta (Spelling variation)
marine, brackish, fresh
recent + fossil
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature This class of molluscs probably holds a record of alternative names which have been applied to it. Among these Pelecypoda...  
Nomenclature This class of molluscs probably holds a record of alternative names which have been applied to it. Among these Pelecypoda Goldfuss, 1820 and Lamellibranchiata de Blainville, 1816 have been quite extensively used in XXth century literature but Conchifera Lamarck, 1818 [not to be confused with Conchifera Gegenbaur, 1878, coined for a totally different concept of a taxon uniting all shelled molluscs except Polyplacophora] and Acephala Cuvier, 1795 also appear in the XIXth century literature.
Although "Bivalvia" is a valid name for the class and has gained general acceptance following the Treatise on Invertebrate Palaeontology (Cox in Moore, 1969), some would prefer "Pelecypoda", on the grounds that other animal groups exist with bivalved shells (e.g. Brachiopoda, Ostracoda and some Gastropoda), that some animals attributed to Bivalvia (e.g. Rostroconchia) have non-bivalved shells, and that the name is consonant with other molluscan classes.  [details]

Nomenclature The ordinal endings -ida and -oida have both been extensively employed in bivalve literature. We follow the suggested...  
Nomenclature The ordinal endings -ida and -oida have both been extensively employed in bivalve literature. We follow the suggested standardisation to -ida as used in the bivalve classifications by Scarlato and Starobogatov (1979), Bieler et al. (2010, 2014) and Carter et al. (2011), among others. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Bivalvia. Accessed at: http://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=105 on 2018-12-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-01-30 14:43:20Z
changed
2016-05-09 08:14:19Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofPelecypoda) Goldfuss, G.A. (1820). Handbuch der Zoologie. In: Schubert, G.H. (ed.). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte, zum Gebrauch bei Vorlesungen. Erste Abteilung 1-696, pls. 1-2; Zweite Abteilung: i-xxiv, 1-510, pls. 3-4., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=x8ATAAAAYAAJ
page(s): 599 [details]   

original description  (ofLamellibranchiata) Blainville, H. (1816). Prodrome d'une nouvelle distribution systématique du règne animal. <em>Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique de Paris.</em> 1816: 105-112 [sic for 113-120] +121-124., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4153426
page(s): 122 [details]   

original description  (ofConchifera) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). <i>Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres</i>. Tome 5. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337
page(s): vol. 5 p. 411 [details]   

additional source Taylor J. D., Kennedy W. J. & Hall A. (1973). The Shell Structure and Mineralogy of the Bivalvia. II. Lucinacea-Clavagellacea. Conclusions. <i>Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology, London 22 (9)</i>: 253-294, pl. 15, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26495507 [details]   

additional source Bieler R. & Mikkelsen P. 2006. Bivalvia – a look at the Branches. <i>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society</i>, 148, 223–235., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2006.00255.x [details]   

additional source Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, <i>in</i>: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. <i>Malacologia</i> 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

additional source Cox L.R. et al., 1969. Part N: Mollusca 6, Bivalvia. <i>In</i> R.C. Moore (ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence. 2 vol., 1224 p. [details]   

additional source Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Collins, T. M.; Glover, E. A.; González, V. L.; Graf, D. L.; Harper, E. M.; Healy, J.; Kawauchi, G. Y.; Sharma, P. P.; Staubach, S.; Strong, E. E.; Taylor, J. D.; Tëmkin, I.; Zardus, J. D.; Clark, S.; Guzmán, A.; McIntyre, E.; Sharp, P.; Giribet, G. (2014). Investigating the Bivalve Tree of Life – an exemplar-based approach combining molecular and novel morphological characters. <em>Invertebrate Systematics.</em> 28(1): 32-115., available online at http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=IS13010 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Classification Recent studies (e.g., Bieler et al., 2014) have confirmed that the Bivalvia consist of two major clades, Protobranchia and Autobranchia, with the latter dividing into Pteriomorphia and Heteroconchia. Heteroconchia in turn consist of Palaeoheterodonta and Heterodonta, with the latter dividing into Archiheterodonta and Euheterodonta. To avoid introducing additional Linnean ranks into the classification based on this hypothesized branching pattern of the bivalve tree, Autobranchia and Heteroconchia are not translated into ranks herein.  [details]

Nomenclature This class of molluscs probably holds a record of alternative names which have been applied to it. Among these Pelecypoda Goldfuss, 1820 and Lamellibranchiata de Blainville, 1816 have been quite extensively used in XXth century literature but Conchifera Lamarck, 1818 [not to be confused with Conchifera Gegenbaur, 1878, coined for a totally different concept of a taxon uniting all shelled molluscs except Polyplacophora] and Acephala Cuvier, 1795 also appear in the XIXth century literature.
Although "Bivalvia" is a valid name for the class and has gained general acceptance following the Treatise on Invertebrate Palaeontology (Cox in Moore, 1969), some would prefer "Pelecypoda", on the grounds that other animal groups exist with bivalved shells (e.g. Brachiopoda, Ostracoda and some Gastropoda), that some animals attributed to Bivalvia (e.g. Rostroconchia) have non-bivalved shells, and that the name is consonant with other molluscan classes.  [details]

Nomenclature The ordinal endings -ida and -oida have both been extensively employed in bivalve literature. We follow the suggested standardisation to -ida as used in the bivalve classifications by Scarlato and Starobogatov (1979), Bieler et al. (2010, 2014) and Carter et al. (2011), among others. [details]
 



LanguageName 
Dutch tweekleppigen  [details]
English bivalves and clamsbivalves  [details]
Russian двустворчатые моллюски  [details]
Swedish musslor  [details]
Ukrainian Двостулкові молюскиДвостулкові  [details]