basis of recordBouchet, P., Rocroi, J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4.[details] Available for editors [request]
additional sourceLorenz F. (2002) New worldwide cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). <i>Schriften zur Malakozoologie aus dem Haus der Natur-Cismar</i> 20: 1-292, pls 1-40.[details]
additional sourceLorenz F. & Hubert A. (2000) A guide to worldwide cowries. Edition 2. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 584 pp.[details]
additional sourceMeyer C. 2003. Molecular systematics of cowries (Gastropoda:
Cypraeidae) and diversification patterns in the tropics. <i>Biological
Journal of the Linnean Society</i>, 79: 401-459.[details]
additional sourceSchilder, M. & Schilder, F. A. (1971) A catalogue of living and fossil cowries. A taxonomy and bibliography of Triviacea and Cypraeacea (Gastropoda Prosobranchia). Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Mémoires, Deuxième Series, 85: 1-246[details]
additional sourceBurgess, C.M. (1985) Cowries of the World. Gordon verhoef, Seacomber Publications, South Africa, Cape Town. XIV + 289 pp.[details]
additional sourceMoretzsohn, F. (2014). Cypraeidae: How well-inventoried is the best-known seashell family?. <em>American Malacological Bulletin.</em> 32(2): 278-289., available online athttps://doi.org/10.4003/006.032.0219 page(s): 278-289 [details]
additional sourceLorenz, F. (2017). <i>Cowries. A guide to the gastropod family Cypraeidae</i>. Volume 1, <i>Biology and systematics</i>. Harxheim: ConchBooks. 644 pp.[details]
additional sourceBurgess, C.M. (1970). The Living Cowries. AS Barnes and Co, Ltd. Cranbury, New Jersey. (look up in IMIS) [details]
Present Inaccurate Introduced: alien Containing type locality
From editor or global species database
Classification Alternative views on the classification of Cypraeidae range from uniting most of the species in the genus Cypraea (e.g. Ranson, 1967) to splitting in several subfamilies and dozens of genera (e.g. Schilder & Schilder, 1938 and subsequent papers) for less than 250 extant species). There is no doubt that the family has an old evolutionary history, dating back to the Jurassic, so that existing species are likely to show enough divergence so as to support some taxonomic splitting.
The classification of Lorenz (2002) largely coincides with that of Meyer (2003) based on molecular data, so that it was the basis for the classification in subfamilies in Bouchet & Rocroi (2005).
Subfamilies are here listed as alternate representation and the genera are direct child taxa of the family Cypraeidae. [details]