MolluscaBase taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815

23022  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:23022)

accepted
Family
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815· accepted, alternate representation
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovulinae Schilder, 1927· accepted, alternate representation
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosariinae Schilder, 1924· accepted, alternate representation
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErroneinae Schilder, 1927· accepted, alternate representation
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisortiinae Schilder, 1927· accepted, alternate representation
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuriinae Schilder, 1932· accepted, alternate representation
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPustulariinae Gill, 1871· accepted, alternate representation
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAfrozoila Fehse, 2016
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnepona Iredale, 1935
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchicypraea F. A. Schilder, 1926 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArestorides Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrasiatica Lorenz, 1989
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrocypraea Cossmann, 1903
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarycypraea Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBernaya Jousseaume, 1884 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBistolida Cossmann, 1920
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBlasicrura Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChelycypraea Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorContradusta Meyer, 2003
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula Strand, 1929
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCryptocypraea Meyer, 2003
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeorbis Conrad, 1865 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula Gray, 1824
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyproglobina de Gregorio, 1880 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEclogavena Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFicadusta Habe & Kosuge, 1966
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisortia Jousseaume, 1884 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHiraseadusta Shikama, 1971
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIpsa Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeporicypraea Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLoxacypraea Petuch, 2004 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLyncina Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrocypraea Schilder, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMauritia Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMelicerona Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMuracypraea Woodring, 1957
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNaria Broderip, 1837
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeobernaya Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea Azuma & Kurohara, 1967
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotadusta Schilder, 1935
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria Oyama, 1959
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOvatipsa Iredale, 1931
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalaeocypraea Schilder, 1928 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmadusta Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmulacypraea Meyer, 2003
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerisserosa Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPropustularia Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudozonaria Schilder, 1929
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPurpuradusta Schilder, 1939
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPustularia Swainson, 1840
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRansoniella Dolin & Lozouet, 2005
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchilderia Tomlin, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphocypraea Heilprin, 1886 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTalostolida Iredale, 1931
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTalparia Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrona Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUmbilia Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZoila Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZonaria Jousseaume, 1884

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSinusigera d'Orbigny, 1853 (nomen dubium, name established for a larval shell)

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCupinota Iredale, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria Troschel, 1863 (nomen nudum)

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOpponaria Iredale, 1939 (temporary name)

Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovulinae Schilder, 1927 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosariinae Schilder, 1924 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErroneinae Schilder, 1927 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisortiinae Schilder, 1927 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuriinae Schilder, 1932 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815
Subfamily Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPustulariinae Gill, 1871 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdusta Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArabica Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMauritia Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArestoides accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArestorides Iredale, 1930 (misspelling)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia Gray, 1837 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria Troschel, 1863 (invalid: junior homonym of Aricia Savigny, 1822 [Polychaeta])
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBasilitrona Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuria Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrugnonia Jeffreys, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallistocypraea Schilder, 1927 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLyncina Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalusacypraea Petuch, 1996 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphocypraea Heilprin, 1886 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribraria Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula Strand, 1929 (Invalid: junior homonym of Cribraria Persoon, 1794 [Mycetozoa]; Cribrarula is a replacement name)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossia Shikama, 1974 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula Gray, 1824
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDerstolida Iredale, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBistolida Cossmann, 1920
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpona H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPustularia Swainson, 1840
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEvenaria Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmadusta Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFloradusta Petuch, 2003 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmadusta Iredale, 1930
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGratiadusta Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGuttacypraea Iredale, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIpserronea Iredale, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKurodadusta Shikama, 1971 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNesiocypraea Azuma & Kurohara, 1967
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuponia Gray, 1837 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovula Gray, 1824
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaurina Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMauritia Troschel, 1863 (junior objective synonym of Mauritia)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMegalocypraea F. A. Schilder, 1927 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisortia Jousseaume, 1884 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyakkacypraea Petuch, 2003 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphocypraea Heilprin, 1886 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMystaponda Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLyncina Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNivigena Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrarula Strand, 1929
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNuclearia Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNucleolaria Oyama, 1959 (Invalid: junior homonym of Nuclearia Cienkowsky, 1865 [Protozoa]; Nucleolaria is a replacement name)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOcellaria Weinkauff, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria Troschel, 1863 (invalid: junior homonym of Ocellaria Ramond, 1801 [Porifera])
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOkeechobea Petuch, 2003 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphocypraea Heilprin, 1886 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrnamentaria Schilder & Schilder, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPahayokea Petuch, 2003 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphocypraea Heilprin, 1886 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalangerosa Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErronea Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPantherinaria Sacco, 1894 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea Linnaeus, 1758
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPaulonaria Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosaria Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPeribolus Blainville, 1824 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrona Jousseaume, 1884 (Invalid: nomen oblitum)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudadusta Petuch, 2003 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSiphocypraea Heilprin, 1886 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPurperosa Iredale, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStaphylaea Jousseaume, 1884
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRansonia Dolin & Lozouet, 2004 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRansoniella Dolin & Lozouet, 2005 (Invalid: junior homonym of Ransonia Blandin, 1979 [Arachnida]; Ransoniella is a replacement name)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRavitrona Iredale, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonetaria Troschel, 1863
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStolida Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBistolida Cossmann, 1920 (invalid: junior homonym of Stolida Lesson, 1832 [Aves]; Bistolida is a replacement name)
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThelxinovum Iredale, 1931 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNotocypraea Schilder, 1927
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVicetia Fabiani, 1905 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisortia Jousseaume, 1884 †
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVulgusella Jousseaume, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraea Linnaeus, 1758
marine
recent + fossil
Moretzsohn, F.; Gofas, S. (2012). Cypraeidae Rafinesque, 1815. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed at http://www.molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=23022 on 2017-12-13

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-03-28 21:19:53Z
changed
2012-11-24 01:20:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

additional source Lorenz F. (2002) New worldwide cowries. Descriptions of new taxa and revisions of selected groups of living Cypraeidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Schriften zur Malakozoologie aus dem Haus der Natur-Cismar 20: 1-292, pls 1-40. [details]   

additional source Lorenz F. & Hubert A. (2000) A guide to worldwide cowries. Edition 2. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 584 pp. [details]   

additional source Meyer C. 2003. Molecular systematics of cowries (Gastropoda: Cypraeidae) and diversification patterns in the tropics. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 79: 401-459. [details]   

additional source Schilder, M. & Schilder, F. A. (1971) A catalogue of living and fossil cowries. A taxonomy and bibliography of Triviacea and Cypraeacea (Gastropoda Prosobranchia). Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Mémoires, Deuxième Series, 85: 1-246 [details]   

additional source Burgess, C.M. (1985) Cowries of the World. Gordon verhoef, Seacomber Publications, South Africa, Cape Town. XIV + 289 pp. [details]   

additional source Moretzsohn, F. (2014). Cypraeidae: How well-inventoried is the best-known seashell family?. American Malacological Bulletin. 32(2): 278-289., available online at https://doi.org/10.4003/006.032.0219
page(s): 278-289 [details]   

additional source Burgess, C.M. (1970). The Living Cowries. AS Barnes and Co, Ltd. Cranbury, New Jersey. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeinae Rafinesque, 1815) Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorErosariinae Schilder, 1924) Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorErroneinae Schilder, 1927) Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGisortiinae Schilder, 1927) Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuriinae Schilder, 1932) Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPustulariinae Gill, 1871) Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2005). Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia. 47(1-2): 1-397 ISBN 3-925919-72-4. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCypraeovulinae Schilder, 1927) OBIS Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database. , available online at http://clade.ansp.org/obis/ [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Alternative views on the classification of Cypraeidae range from uniting most of the species in the genus Cypraea (e.g. Ranson, 1967) to splitting in several subfamilies and dozens of genera (e.g. Schilder & Schilder, 1938 and subsequent papers) for less than 250 extant species). There is no doubt that the family has an old evolutionary history, dating back to the Jurassic, so that existing species are likely to show enough divergence so as to support some taxonomic splitting.
The classification of Lorenz (2002) largely coincides with that of Meyer (2003) based on molecular data, so that it was the basis for the classification in subfamilies in Bouchet & Rocroi (2005).
Subfamilies are here listed as alternate representation and the genera are direct child taxa of the family Cypraeidae.  [details]
 



Feeding Type
adult: grazer [details]
LanguageName 
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcowries  [details]