MolluscaBase taxon details

Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802)

141433  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141433)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofMactra alba W. Wood, 1802) Wood W. 1802. Observations on the hinges of British Bivalve shells. <i>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London</i>, 6: 154-176, pl. 14-18. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/758287
page(s): p. 165, pl. 16 fig. 9-12 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Description Small (up to 25mm long), thin and fragile shell. Oval shape, rather flat with thin concentric growth
lines. The shells are...  
Description Small (up to 25mm long), thin and fragile shell. Oval shape, rather flat with thin concentric growth
lines. The shells are shiny white and somehow transparent. Abra alba lives rather deep in the bottom and feeds on sediment by means of long, individually separated stretchable siphons. [details]

Distribution During both periods Abra alba is a common species in the near-coastal zone. The species is only rarely found further than...  
Distribution During both periods Abra alba is a common species in the near-coastal zone. The species is only rarely found further than 30 km off the coast. Abra alba locally reaches very high densities: up to about 14,000 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period and appr. 5,000 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. The highest densities are observed near the western coastal zone in both periods. [details]

Distribution In the investigated area A. alba is very abundant in the south-eastern part of the Oyster Ground and the Frisian Front...  
Distribution In the investigated area A. alba is very abundant in the south-eastern part of the Oyster Ground and the Frisian Front area. The bivalve is also present near the Dutch coast and in the Voordelta area, where its distribution extends into the Westerschelde and the Grevelingenmeer. The highest densities in the Delta area are found in the Oosterschelde. In the western part of the Wadden Sea and at the Balgzand the species is present in low densities. Highest biomass is found along the Dutch coast and in the central part of the Frisian Front area. Other investigations found the species to be confined to a more or less narrow strip of sea bottom near the shore (Eisma, 1966; Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990;< Rees & Dare, 1993). [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Abra alba (W. Wood, 1802). Accessed at: http://molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141433 on 2018-12-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-09-23 10:34:21Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofErycina renieri Philippi, 1836) Philippi R. A. (1836). Enumeratio molluscorum Siciliae cum viventium tum in tellure tertiaria fossilium, quae in itinere suo observavit. Vol. 1. Schropp, Berlin [Berolini]: xiv + 267 p., pl. 1-12, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/100735#/summary
page(s): 12, pl. 1 fig, 6 [details]   

original description  (ofErycina tumida Brusina, 1865) Brusina S. (1865). Conchiglie dalmate inedite. <i>Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-königlichen Zoologisch-botanisch Gesellschaft in Wien 15</i>: 3-42, available online at http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/VZBG_15_0003-0042.pdf [details]   

original description  (ofMactra alba W. Wood, 1802) Wood W. 1802. Observations on the hinges of British Bivalve shells. <i>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London</i>, 6: 154-176, pl. 14-18. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/758287
page(s): p. 165, pl. 16 fig. 9-12 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofSyndosmya apelina Récluz, 1843) Récluz C.A. (1843). Monographie du genre <i>Syndosmya</i>. <i>Revue Zoologique, par la Société Cuvierienne</i>, 6: 359-369., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2271434
page(s): 364 [details]   

original description  (ofSyndosmya occitanica Récluz in Chenu, 1844) Récluz C.A. (1843). Monographie du genre <i>Syndosmya</i>. <i>Revue Zoologique, par la Société Cuvierienne</i>, 6: 359-369., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2271434 [details]   

original description  (ofTellina pellucida Brocchi, 1814) Brocchi, G. B. (1814) Conchiologia fossile subapennina con osservazioni geologiche sugli Apennini e sul suolo adiacente. <i>Milano Vol. I</i>: pp. LXXX + 56 + 240; Vol. II, p. 241-712, pl. 1-16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTellina semidentata Scacchi, 1833) Scacchi A. (1833). Osservazioni Zoologiche. Napoli, Tipi della Società Tipografica. 1: 1-12 [February]; 2: 13-27 [May]. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35752103
page(s): 13 [details]   

original description  (ofAmphidesma boisyianum Leach, 1852) Leach W. E. (1852). Molluscorum Britanniae Synopsis. A synopsis of the Mollusca of Great Britain arranged according to their natural affinities and anatomical structure. <i>London pp. VIII + 376</i>:  [details]   

original description  (ofMactra boisyi Montagu, 1803) Montagu, G. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694 [details]   

original description  (ofSyndesmya alba var. curta Jeffreys, 1864) Jeffreys J.G. (1862-1869). <i>British conchology</i>. Vol. 1: pp. cxiv + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864]. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869]. London, van Voorst. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 439 [details]   

original description  (ofSyndosmya alba var. major Recluz, 1843) Récluz C.A. (1843). Monographie du genre <i>Syndosmya</i>. <i>Revue Zoologique, par la Société Cuvierienne</i>, 6: 359-369., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2271434 [details]   

original description  (ofScrobicularia alba var. oblonga J. T. Marshall, 1893) Marshall J.T. (1893). Additions to 'British Conchology' [Part I]. <em>Journal of Conchology.</em> 7: 241-265., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31573735
page(s): 247 [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Zamouri-Langar, N.; Chouba, L.; Ajjabi Chebil, L.; Mrabet, R.; El Abed, A. (2011). Les coquillages bivalves des côtes tunisiennes. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer: Salammbô. ISBN 978-9938-9512-0-2. 128 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Wood W. 1802. Observations on the hinges of British Bivalve shells. <i>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London</i>, 6: 154-176, pl. 14-18. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/758287
page(s): 165 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology A. alba and Tellina fabula are two species occupying the same feeding niche since both can feed on deposit as well as on suspended material. Competition between the two species may result in the slow growth of the later-settling T. fabula[details]

From other sources
Biology The production of a large number of small-sized eggs suggests that A. alba has a larval development with a long pelagic life. The optimal spawning period of the bivalve lies between May and August. The first postlarvae have a shell length of btween 200 and 300 µm. Specimens that settle in early summer grow rapidly, while another spatfall in late summer or autumn apparently does not grow until the following spring. Most specimens of A. alba live only one year, reaching modal lengths of 12-14 mm. Specimens that live for two years grow to 13-16 mm and the maximum length reached is 20-25 mm. The abundance of A. alba typically fluctuates widely from year to year due to variation in recruitment success or adult mortality. A. alba is capable of rapidly exploiting any new disturbed substratum suitable for colonisation, either through larval recruitment, secondary settlement or post-metamorphosis juveniles or re-distribution of adults following storms. A thin-shelled selective deposit [details]

Description Small (up to 25mm long), thin and fragile shell. Oval shape, rather flat with thin concentric growth
lines. The shells are shiny white and somehow transparent. Abra alba lives rather deep in the bottom and feeds on sediment by means of long, individually separated stretchable siphons. [details]

Distribution During both periods Abra alba is a common species in the near-coastal zone. The species is only rarely found further than 30 km off the coast. Abra alba locally reaches very high densities: up to about 14,000 ind./m2 in the 1976-1986 period and appr. 5,000 ind./m2 in the 1994-2001 period. The highest densities are observed near the western coastal zone in both periods. [details]

Distribution In the investigated area A. alba is very abundant in the south-eastern part of the Oyster Ground and the Frisian Front area. The bivalve is also present near the Dutch coast and in the Voordelta area, where its distribution extends into the Westerschelde and the Grevelingenmeer. The highest densities in the Delta area are found in the Oosterschelde. In the western part of the Wadden Sea and at the Balgzand the species is present in low densities. Highest biomass is found along the Dutch coast and in the central part of the Frisian Front area. Other investigations found the species to be confined to a more or less narrow strip of sea bottom near the shore (Eisma, 1966; Tebble, 1966; Wolff, 1973; Hayward & Ryland, 1990;< Rees & Dare, 1993). [details]

Habitat Abra alba can be found in all sediment types. However, the species does tend to prefer (> 50% of the samples) fine-grained sediments with a median grain size between 50 and 250 μm and a mud content of 10-50%. In coarse sediments (median grain size > 300 μm) with a low mud content (< 10%) the A. alba is rather rare. [details]

Morphology The shell is thin and brittle, broadly oval in outline. It is up to 25 mm long and has a sculpture of fine concentric lines. The growth stages are clear. The shell is white in colour, covered with a light brown periostracum. The interior of the shell is white. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish hvid pebermusling  [details]
Dutch witte dunschaal  [details]
English white furrow shell  [details]
French telline blanchesyndesmye blanche  [details]
German weiße Pfeffermuschelkleine Pfeffermuschel  [details]