WoRMS taxon details

Margaritidae Thiele, 1924

714634  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:714634)

accepted
Family
Gazini Hickman & J. H. McLean, 1990 · unaccepted (original rank)
Margaritinae Thiele, 1924 · unaccepted (original rank)
Margaritinae Stoliczka, 1868 · unaccepted (invalid: type genus (Margarita...)  
invalid: type genus (Margarita Leach, 1819) a junior homonym

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  1. Genus Anomphalogaza Hickman, 2012
    1. Species Anomphalogaza moluccensis Hickman, 2012
  2. Genus Antimargarita A. W. B. Powell, 1951
    1. Species Antimargarita bentarti Aldea, Zelaya & Troncoso, 2009
    2. Species Antimargarita dulcis (E. A. Smith, 1907)
    3. Species Antimargarita maoria Dell, 1995
    4. Species Antimargarita powelli Aldea, Zelaya & Troncoso, 2009
    5. Species Antimargarita smithiana (Hedley, 1916)
    6. Species Antimargarita thielei (Hedley, 1916) accepted as Falsimargarita thielei (Hedley, 1916)
  3. Genus Callogaza Dall, 1881
    1. Species Callogaza colmani Hickman, 2012
    2. Species Callogaza frederici (E. A. Smith, 1906)
    3. Species Callogaza nubelevis S.-I Huang & I-F. Fu, 2019
    4. Species Callogaza sericata (Kira, 1959)
    5. Species Callogaza watsoni Dall, 1881
    6. Subgenus Callogaza (Microgaza) Dall, 1881 accepted as Microgaza Dall, 1881 (original rank)
      1. Species Callogaza (Microgaza) rotella Dall, 1881 accepted as Microgaza rotella (Dall, 1881) (basionym)
    7. Species Callogaza superba Dall, 1881 accepted as Gaza superba (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
  4. Genus Gaza R. B. Watson, 1879
    1. Species Gaza compta Simone & C. Cunha, 2006
    2. Species Gaza cubana Clench & Aguayo, 1940
    3. Species Gaza daedala R. B. Watson, 1879
    4. Species Gaza fischeri Dall, 1889
    5. Species Gaza olivacea Quinn, 1991
    6. Species Gaza polychoronos Vilvens, 2012
    7. Species Gaza rathbuni Dall, 1890
    8. Species Gaza superba (Dall, 1881)
      1. Subspecies Gaza superba cubana Clench & Aguayo, 1940 accepted as Gaza cubana Clench & Aguayo, 1940 (original combination)
    9. Subgenus Gaza (Callogaza) Dall, 1881 accepted as Gaza R. B. Watson, 1879
      1. Species Gaza (Callogaza) frederici E. A. Smith, 1906 accepted as Callogaza frederici (E. A. Smith, 1906) (basionym)
    10. Species Gaza frederici E. A. Smith, 1906 accepted as Callogaza frederici (E. A. Smith, 1906) (original combination)
    11. Species Gaza sericata Kira, 1959 accepted as Callogaza sericata (Kira, 1959) (original combination)
    12. Species Gaza watsoni (Dall, 1881) accepted as Callogaza watsoni Dall, 1881
  5. Genus Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847
    1. Species Margarites albolineatus (E. A. Smith, 1899)
    2. Species Margarites angulatus Galkin, 1955
    3. Species Margarites australis Shikama & Chiang, 1977
    4. Species Margarites avachensis Galkin, 1955
    5. Species Margarites avenosooki MacGinitie, 1959
    6. Species Margarites biconica Numanami, 1996
    7. Species Margarites bisikovi Egorov, 2000
    8. Species Margarites cabernet Egorov, 2000
    9. Species Margarites calliostomoides Egorov, 2000
    10. Species Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841)
      1. Subspecies Margarites costalis costalis (A. Gould, 1841)
      2. Subspecies Margarites costalis baxteri J. H. McLean, 1995 accepted as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841) (junior synonym)
      3. Subspecies Margarites costalis striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 accepted as Margarita cinerea (Couthouy, 1838) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    11. Species Margarites dnopherus (R. B. Watson, 1879)
    12. Species Margarites ecarinatus Dall, 1919
    13. Species Margarites giganteus (Leche, 1878)
    14. Species Margarites glabrus A. N. Golikov & Gulbin, 1978
    15. Species Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
      1. Subspecies Margarites groenlandicus groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
      2. Subspecies Margarites groenlandicus kurilensis A. N. Golikov & Gulbin, 1978
      3. Subspecies Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829)
    16. Species Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774)
      1. Variety Margarites helicinus var. elevatus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (a junior synonym)
      2. Variety Margarites helicinus var. excavatus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (a junior synonym)
    17. Species Margarites hickmanae J. H. McLean, 1984
    18. Species Margarites huloti Vilvens & Sellanes, 2006
    19. Species Margarites inflatulus Dall, 1919
    20. Species Margarites kophameli (Strebel, 1905)
    21. Species Margarites koreanicus (Dall, 1919)
    22. Species Margarites laminarum (Jeffreys, 1883)
    23. Species Margarites luciae (G. Seguenza, 1876)
    24. Species Margarites manusensis S.-Q. Zhang & S.-P. Zhang, 2017
    25. Species Margarites miona Dall, 1927
    26. Species Margarites mirabilis Simone & Birman, 2006
    27. Species Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827)
      1. Subspecies Margarites olivaceus marginatus Dall, 1919
      2. Subspecies Margarites olivaceus olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827)
    28. Species Margarites picturatus A. N. Golikov, 1967
    29. Species Margarites pilsbryi Kuroda & T. Habe, 1952
    30. Species Margarites pribiloffensis Dall, 1919
    31. Species Margarites pupillus (A. Gould, 1849)
    32. Species Margarites rossicus Dall, 1919
      1. Subspecies Margarites rossicus derjugini Bartsch, 1955
      2. Subspecies Margarites rossicus rossicus Dall, 1919
    33. Species Margarites ryukyuensis Okutani, Sasaki & Tsuchida, 2000
    34. Species Margarites sagamiensis (Kuroda & T. Habe, 1971)
    35. Species Margarites salmoneus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
    36. Species Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849)
    37. Species Margarites scintillans (R. B. Watson, 1879)
    38. Species Margarites shinkai Okutani, Tsuchida & Fujikura, 1992
    39. Species Margarites simbla Dall, 1913
    40. Species Margarites similis S.-Q. Zhang & S.-P. Zhang, 2017
    41. Species Margarites smithi Bartsch, 1927
    42. Species Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846)
    43. Species Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842)
    44. Species Margarites vityazi Egorov, 2000
    45. Species Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873)
    46. Subgenus Margarites (Bathymophila) Dall, 1881 accepted as Bathymophila Dall, 1881 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      1. Species Margarites (Bathymophila) bairdi (Dall, 1881) accepted as Bathymophila bairdii (Dall, 1889) (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
      2. Species Margarites (Bathymophila) euspira (Dall, 1881) accepted as Bathymophila euspira (Dall, 1881) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    47. Subgenus Margarites (Cantharidoscops) Galkin, 1955 accepted as Cantharidoscops Galkin, 1955
      1. Species Margarites (Cantharidoscops) frigida Dall, 1919 accepted as Cantharidoscops frigidus (Dall, 1919) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    48. Subgenus Margarites (Lirularia) Dall, 1909 accepted as Lirularia Dall, 1909 (unaccepted rank)
      1. Species Margarites (Lirularia) althorpensis Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites salmoneus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      2. Species Margarites (Lirularia) iridescens (Schrenck, 1863) accepted as Lirularia iridescens (Schrenck, 1863) (unaccepted combination)
    49. Subgenus Margarites (Pupillaria) Dall, 1909 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847
      1. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) kamchaticus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849)
      2. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) rhodia Dall, 1921 accepted as Margarites salmoneus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      3. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) rossica Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites rossicus Dall, 1919 (original combination)
      4. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) rudis Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841) (invalid, not Mörch, 1869, M. baxteri is a replacment name)
      5. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) shannonicus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites (Margarites) striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      6. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) vorticifera (Dall, 1873) accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873) (unaccepted combination)
        1. Subspecies Margarites (Pupillaria) vorticifera ecarinata Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites ecarinatus Dall, 1919 (unaccepted combination)
        2. Subspecies Margarites (Pupillaria) vorticifera sharpii (Pilsbry, 1898) accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873) (a junior synonym)
      7. Species Margarites (Pupillaria) australis Shikama & Chiang, 1977 represented as Margarites australis Shikama & Chiang, 1977
    50. Species Margarites albolineata (E. A. Smith, 1899) accepted as Margarites albolineatus (E. A. Smith, 1899) (unaccepted combination)
    51. Species Margarites althorpensis Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites salmoneus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    52. Species Margarites antarctica (E. Lamy, 1906) accepted as Margarella antarctica (E. Lamy, 1906)
    53. Species Margarites argentatus (A. Gould, 1841) accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      1. Species Margarites atlantoides (Quinn, 1992) accepted as Falsimargarita atlantoides (Quinn, 1992)
      2. Species Margarites bairdii (Dall, 1889) accepted as Bathymophila bairdii (Dall, 1889)
      3. Species Margarites baxteri J. H. McLean, 1995 accepted as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841) (original rank)
      4. Species Margarites beringensis (E. A. Smith, 1899) accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774)
      5. Species Margarites cancellata (Jeffreys, 1883) accepted as Vetulonia paucivaricosa (Dautzenberg, 1889)
        1. Subspecies Margarites cancellata ionica F. Nordsieck, 1973 accepted as Putzeysia wiseri (Calcara, 1842)
      6. Species Margarites clausus A. N. Golikov & Gulbin, 1978 accepted as Cantharidoscops clausus (A. N. Golikov & Gulbin, 1978) (original combination)
      7. Species Margarites crebrilirulata (E. A. Smith, 1907) accepted as Margarella crebrilirulata (E. A. Smith, 1907)
      8. Species Margarites diaphana J. E. Gray, 1847 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (unnecessary substitute name for Helix margarita Montagu, 1808)
      9. Species Margarites euspira (Dall, 1881) accepted as Bathymophila euspira (Dall, 1881)
      10. Species Margarites frigidus Dall, 1919 accepted as Cantharidoscops frigidus (Dall, 1919) (original combination)
      11. Species Margarites gemma E. A. Smith, 1915 accepted as Falsimargarita gemma (E. A. Smith, 1915) (original combination)
      12. Species Margarites gigantea (Leche, 1878) accepted as Margarites giganteus (Leche, 1878)
      13. Species Margarites groenlandica (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted combination)
        1. Subspecies Margarites groenlandica groenlandica (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted combination)
      14. Species Margarites grosvenori Dall, 1926 accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      15. Species Margarites gunnerusensis Numanami, 1996 accepted as Margarella gunnerusensis Numanami, 1996
      16. Species Margarites helicina (Phipps, 1774) accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
        1. Subspecies Margarites helicina pilsbryi Kuroda & T. Habe, 1952 accepted as Margarites pilsbryi Kuroda & T. Habe, 1952 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
      17. Species Margarites hypolispus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842)
      18. Species Margarites imperialis Simone & Birman, 2006 accepted as Falsimargarita imperialis (Simone & Birman, 2006)
      19. Species Margarites iridescens (Schrenck, 1863) accepted as Lirularia iridescens (Schrenck, 1863) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      20. Species Margarites iris E. A. Smith, 1915 accepted as Falsimargarita iris (E. A. Smith, 1915) (original combination)
      21. Species Margarites johnsoni Dall, 1921 accepted as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842) (synonym)
      22. Species Margarites kamchaticus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849)
      23. Species Margarites keepi A. G. Smith & M. Gordon, 1948 accepted as Calliostoma gemmulatum P. P. Carpenter, 1864 (junior synonym)
      24. Species Margarites kurilensis A. N. Golikov & Gulbin, 1978 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus kurilensis A. N. Golikov & Gulbin, 1978
      25. Species Margarites lamellosa (Pelseneer, 1903) accepted as Calliotropis pelseneeri Cernohorsky, 1977 (unaccepted > junior homonym, a junior homonym of Margarita lamellosa Verrill & J.E. Smith, 1880)
      26. Species Margarites lirulatus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Lirularia lirulata (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      27. Species Margarites margaritiferus Okutani, 1964 accepted as Solariella margaritifera (Okutani, 1964) (original combination)
      28. Species Margarites marginatus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites olivaceus marginatus Dall, 1919 (original combination)
      29. Species Margarites mighelsi Rehder, 1937 accepted as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      30. Species Margarites ochotensis (R. A. Philippi, 1851) accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849)
      31. Species Margarites parcipictus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Lirularia parcipicta (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
      32. Species Margarites pauperculus Dall, 1919 accepted as Solariella varicosa (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842)
      33. Species Margarites refulgens (E. A. Smith, 1907) accepted as Margarella refulgens (E. A. Smith, 1907)
      34. Species Margarites rhodia Dall, 1921 accepted as Margarites salmoneus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
      35. Species Margarites shannonicus Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
      36. Species Margarites striatus (Leach, 1819) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
      37. Species Margarites succinctus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) accepted as Lirularia succincta (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
      38. Species Margarites toroides L. Hoffman, van Heugten & Lavaleye, 2011 accepted as Toroidia toroides (L. Hoffman, van Heugten & Lavaleye, 2011) (original combination)
      39. Species Margarites undulatus (G. B. Sowerby I, 1838) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
      40. Species Margarites vorticifer (Dall, 1873) accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873)
      41. Subgenus Margarites (Costomargarites) J. H. McLean, 1995 represented as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847
        1. Species Margarites (Costomargarites) ochotensis (R. A. Philippi, 1851) accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
        2. Species Margarites (Costomargarites) costalis (A. Gould, 1841) represented as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841)
        3. Species Margarites (Costomargarites) schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849) represented as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849)
      42. Subgenus Margarites (Margarites) J. E. Gray, 1847 represented as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847
        1. Species Margarites (Margarites) gigantea (Leche, 1878) accepted as Margarites giganteus (Leche, 1878)
        2. Species Margarites (Margarites) helicina (Phipps, 1774) accepted as Margarites (Margarites) helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (wrong gender agreement of the species epithet)
          1. Forma Margarites (Margarites) helicina f. albolineata (E. A. Smith, 1899) accepted as Margarites albolineatus (E. A. Smith, 1899) (unaccepted rank)
          2. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) helicina helicina (Phipps, 1774) accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (wrong gender agreement of the species epithet)
          3. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) helicina tenuistriata Galkin, 1955 accepted as Margarites pilsbryi Kuroda & T. Habe, 1952 (a junior synonym)
        3. Species Margarites (Margarites) koreanica (Dall, 1919) accepted as Margarites koreanicus (Dall, 1919) (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
        4. Species Margarites (Margarites) ochotensis (R. A. Philippi, 1851) accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          1. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) ochotensis avachensis Galkin, 1955 accepted as Margarites avachensis Galkin, 1955 (unaccepted > superseded rank)
          2. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) ochotensis ochotensis (R. A. Philippi, 1851) accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
        5. Species Margarites (Margarites) olivacea (T,. Brown, 1827) accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          1. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) olivacea marginata Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites olivaceus marginatus Dall, 1919 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          2. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) olivacea olivacea (T,. Brown, 1827) accepted as Margarites olivaceus olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
        6. Species Margarites (Margarites) rossica Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites rossicus Dall, 1919 (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
          1. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) rossica derjugini Bartsch, 1955 accepted as Margarites rossicus derjugini Bartsch, 1955 (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
          2. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) rossica rossica Dall, 1919 accepted as Margarites rossicus rossicus Dall, 1919 (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet)
        7. Species Margarites (Margarites) striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (based on an invalid original combination)
          1. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) striata cinerea (Couthouy, 1838) accepted as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841) (unaccepted > unavailable name, based on an invalid original combination)
          2. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) striata striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (based on an invalid original combination)
        8. Species Margarites (Margarites) vortificifera (Dall, 1873) accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873) (unaccepted combination)
        9. Species Margarites (Margarites) australis Shikama & Chiang, 1977 represented as Margarites australis Shikama & Chiang, 1977
        10. Species Margarites (Margarites) groenlandica (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted combination)
          1. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) groenlandica groenlandica (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Margarites groenlandicus groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
          2. Subspecies Margarites (Margarites) groenlandica umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) represented as Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829)
        11. Species Margarites (Margarites) helicinus (Phipps, 1774) represented as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774)
        12. Species Margarites (Margarites) vahlii (Möller, 1842) represented as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842)
          1. Variety Margarites (Margarites) vahlii var. angulata Galkin, 1955 accepted as Margarites angulatus Galkin, 1955
      43. Species Margarites multilineatus De Kay, 1843 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
      44. Species Margarites ornatus (De Kay, 1843) (uncertain > nomen dubium)
    54. Genus Eumargarita P. Fischer, 1885 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847
      1. Subgenus Eumargarita (Solariella) S. V. Wood, 1842 accepted as Solariella S. V. Wood, 1842 (superseded combination)
        1. Subgenus Eumargarita (Turcicula) Dall, 1881 accepted as Lischkeia P. Fischer, 1879
          1. Subgenus Eumargarita (Valvatella) J. E. Gray, 1857 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
            1. Species Eumargarita (Valvatella) groenlandica (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          2. Species Eumargarita cinerea (Couthouy, 1838) accepted as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841) (based on an invalid original combination)
          3. Species Eumargarita helicina (Phipps, 1774) accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          4. Species Eumargarita olivacea (T. Brown, 1827) accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
        2. Genus Margarita Leach, 1819 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847 (Invalid: junior homonym of Margarita Leach, 1814 [Bivalvia, Pteriidae])
          1. Species Margarita persica A. Gould, 1852
          2. Subgenus Margarita (Bathymophila) Dall, 1881 accepted as Bathymophila Dall, 1881 (superseded combination)
          3. Subgenus Margarita (Minolia) A. Adams, 1860 accepted as Minolia A. Adams, 1860
            1. Species Margarita (Minolia) tasmanica Tenison Woods, 1877 accepted as Ethminolia vitiliginea (Menke, 1843) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          4. Subgenus Margarita (Photina) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Photinula H. Adams & A. Adams, 1854 (Invalid: junior homonym of Photina Burmeister, 1838 [Orthoptera]; Photinula is a replacement name)
            1. Species Margarita (Photina) fusca A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain, use in recent literature not established by editor)
            2. Species Margarita (Photina) nigra A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
            3. Species Margarita (Photina) sandwichiana A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          5. Subgenus Margarita (Solariella) S. V. Wood, 1842 accepted as Solariella S. V. Wood, 1842 (superseded combination)
            1. Species Margarita (Solariella) lacunella Dall, 1881 accepted as Solariella lacunella (Dall, 1881)
              1. Subspecies Margarita (Solariella) lacunella depressa Dall, 1889 accepted as Solariella lacunella (Dall, 1881)
            2. Species Margarita (Solariella) lubrica Dall, 1881 accepted as Suavotrochus lubricus (Dall, 1881)
              1. Variety Margarita (Solariella) lubrica var. iridea Dall, 1889 accepted as Suavotrochus lubricus (Dall, 1881)
          6. Subgenus Margarita (Turcicula) Dall, 1881 accepted as Lischkeia P. Fischer, 1879
            1. Species Margarita (Turcicula) aethiopica E. von Martens, 1901 accepted as Calliotropis metallica (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891)
            2. Species Margarita (Turcicula) imperialis Dall, 1881 accepted as Lischkeia imperialis (Dall, 1881)
          7. Species Margarita actinophora Dall, 1890 accepted as Calliotropis actinophora (Dall, 1890) (original combination)
          8. Species Margarita acuminata G. B. Sowerby, 1838 sensu Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842 accepted as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842) (misapplication)
          9. Species Margarita acuminata G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Solariella varicosa (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842) (dubious synonym)
          10. Species Margarita acuticostata P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirularia acuticostata (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          11. Species Margarita aethiopica E. von Martens, 1901 accepted as Calliotropis metallica (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891)
          12. Species Margarita alabastrum Lovén, 1846 accepted as Calliostoma occidentale (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          13. Species Margarita albula A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838)
          14. Species Margarita aloysisabaudiae Pollonera, 1901 accepted as Margarites (Margarites) groenlandica umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (unaccepted > junior objective synonym)
          15. Species Margarita angulata A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Peasiella tantilla (A. Gould, 1849) (treated by Fischer as a junior secondary homonym of Trochus angulatus J. de C. Sowerby, 1823; Trochus prodictus is a replacement name)
          16. Species Margarita antarctica E. Lamy, 1906 accepted as Margarella antarctica (E. Lamy, 1906) (original combination)
          17. Species Margarita antipoda Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Cantharidus antipodum (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848) (superseded combination)
          18. Species Margarita arctica Leach, 1819 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774)
            1. Variety Margarita arctica var. major Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (a junior synonym)
          19. Species Margarita argentata A. Gould, 1841 accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827)
            1. Variety Margarita argentata var. gigantea Leche, 1878 accepted as Margarites giganteus (Leche, 1878)
          20. Species Margarita articulata A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Pseudominolia articulata (A. Gould, 1861) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          21. Species Margarita asperrima Dall, 1881 accepted as Dentistyla asperrima (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
          22. Species Margarita bella Verkrüzen, 1875 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838)
          23. Species Margarita biangulosa A. Adams, 1855 accepted as Pseudominolia biangulosa (A. Adams, 1855) (original combination)
          24. Species Margarita bicarinata A. Adams & Reeve, 1850 accepted as Ilanga bicarinata (A. Adams & Reeve, 1850) (original combination)
          25. Species Margarita calostoma A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Margarites pupillus (A. Gould, 1849)
          26. Species Margarita campanulata A. S. Packard, 1867 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774)
          27. Species Margarita carnea (R. T. Lowe, 1825) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (a junior synonym)
          28. Species Margarita cidaris P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Cidarina cidaris (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          29. Species Margarita cinerea (Couthouy, 1838) accepted as Margarites costalis (A. Gould, 1841) (unaccepted > superseded combination, based on an invalid original combination)
            1. Variety Margarita cinerea var. grandis Mörch, 1869 accepted as Margarites (Margarites) striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
            2. Variety Margarita cinerea var. striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (unaccepted > unavailable name)
          30. Species Margarita coerulescens P. P. King, 1832 accepted as Photinula coerulescens (P. P. King, 1832) (original combination)
          31. Species Margarita communis W. Thompson, 1844 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (a junior synonym)
          32. Species Margarita costellata G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (dubious synonym)
          33. Species Margarita costulata Møller, 1842 accepted as Moelleria costulata (Møller, 1842)
          34. Species Margarita depressa Dall, 1889 accepted as Solariella depressa (Dall, 1889) (original combination)
          35. Species Margarita dilecta A. Adams, 1855 accepted as Antisolarium egenum (A. Gould, 1849) (junior subjective synonym)
          36. Species Margarita elegantissima S. V. Wood, 1848 accepted as Solariella varicosa (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          37. Species Margarita erythrocoma Dall, 1889 accepted as Pseudostomatella erythrocoma (Dall, 1889) (original combination)
          38. Species Margarita euspira Dall, 1881 accepted as Bathymophila euspira (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
            1. Variety Margarita euspira var. nitens Dall, 1881 accepted as Margarites euspira (Dall, 1881)
          39. Species Margarita expansa G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Margarella expansa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1838) (original combination)
          40. Species Margarita filogyra Dall, 1881 accepted as Callogaza watsoni Dall, 1881
          41. Species Margarita frielei A. Krause, 1885 accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (synonym)
          42. Species Margarita glauca Møller, 1842 accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (synonym)
          43. Species Margarita groenlandica (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791)
            1. Subspecies Margarita groenlandica spiralis F. C. Baker, 1919 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
            2. Variety Margarita groenlandica var. intermedia Leche, 1878 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838)
            3. Variety Margarita groenlandica var. laevigata Mörch, 1869 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (a junior synonym)
            4. Variety Margarita groenlandica var. laevior (Jeffreys, 1865) accepted as Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (a junior synonym)
            5. Variety Margarita groenlandica var. rudis Mörch, 1869 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (a junior synonym)
          44. Species Margarita harrisoni Hancock, 1846 accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (synonym)
          45. Species Margarita helicina (Phipps, 1774) accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (invalid: genus name a junior homonym)
            1. Variety Margarita helicina var. major Middendorff, 1848 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (a junior synonym)
          46. Species Margarita hypolispa (Dall, 1919) accepted as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          47. Species Margarita imperialis Dall, 1881 accepted as Lischkeia imperialis (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
          48. Species Margarita inflata P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Margarites inflatulus Dall, 1919
          49. Species Margarita infundibulum (R. B. Watson, 1879) accepted as Calliotropis infundibulum (R. B. Watson, 1879) (superseded combination)
            1. Variety Margarita infundibulum var. diomedeae A. E. Verrill, 1893 accepted as Calliotropis infundibulum (R. B. Watson, 1879) (junior subjective synonym)
          50. Species Margarita iris Dall, 1881 accepted as Solariella iris (Dall, 1881)
          51. Species Margarita kophameli Strebel, 1905 accepted as Margarites kophameli (Strebel, 1905)
          52. Species Margarita lacunella Dall, 1881 accepted as Solariella lacunella (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
          53. Species Margarita lamellosa A. E. Verrill & S. Smith, 1880 accepted as Lamellitrochus lamellosus (A. E. Verrill & S. Smith, 1880) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          54. Species Margarita lamellosa Pelseneer, 1903 accepted as Calliotropis pelseneeri Cernohorsky, 1977 (unaccepted > junior homonym, a junior homonym of Margarita lamellosa Verrill & J.E. Smith, 1880)
          55. Species Margarita lirulata P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Lirularia lirulata (P. P. Carpenter, 1864)
          56. Species Margarita lissocona Dall, 1881 accepted as Calliotropis lissocona (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
          57. Species Margarita lubrica Dall, 1881 accepted as Suavotrochus lubricus (Dall, 1881) (original combination)
          58. Species Margarita maculata Dall, 1881 accepted as Solariella lacunella (Dall, 1881)
          59. Species Margarita magellanica Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Margarella violacea (P. P. King, 1832)
          60. Species Margarita marmorea Pease, 1861 accepted as Calliotrochus marmoreus (Pease, 1861) (original combination)
          61. Species Margarita maxima Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Photinula coerulescens (P. P. King, 1832) (treated by P. Fischer as a secondary homonym of Trochus maximus Koch, 1844; Trochus hombroni is a replacement name)
          62. Species Margarita miliaris G. Seguenza, 1876 accepted as Lissotesta turrita (Gaglini, 1987) (dubious synonym)
          63. Species Margarita musiva A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Conotalopia musiva (A. Gould, 1861) (original combination)
          64. Species Margarita mustelina A. A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Conotalopia mustelina (A. A. Gould, 1861) (original combination)
          65. Species Margarita notalis Strebel, 1908 accepted as Lissotesta notalis (Strebel, 1908) (original combination)
          66. Species Margarita obliqua G. B. Sowerby III, 1913 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (a junior synonym)
          67. Species Margarita obscura (Couthouy, 1838) accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838)
            1. Variety Margarita obscura var. cinereaeformis Leche, 1878 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
            2. Variety Margarita obscura var. intermedia Leche, 1878 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
            3. Variety Margarita obscura var. islandica Odhner, 1910 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838) (synonym)
            4. Variety Margarita obscura var. planula A. E. Verrill, 1882 accepted as Solariella obscura (Couthouy, 1838) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          68. Species Margarita olivacea T. Brown, 1822 accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
            1. Variety Margarita olivacea var. gigantea (Leche, 1878) accepted as Margarites giganteus (Leche, 1878) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          69. Species Margarita ornata De Kay, 1843 accepted as Margarites ornatus (De Kay, 1843)
          70. Species Margarita paupercula (Dall, 1919) accepted as Solariella varicosa (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          71. Species Margarita periomphalia E. von Martens, 1901 accepted as Solariella periomphalia (E. von Martens, 1901) (original combination)
          72. Species Margarita pintado A. Gould, 1861 accepted as Gibbula benzi (Krauss, 1848) (junior subjective synonym)
          73. Species Margarita polaris Danielssen, 1859 accepted as Solariella varicosa (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842) (synonym)
          74. Species Margarita polytropa A. Adams, 1854 (unaccepted > nomen nudum)
          75. Species Margarita ponsonbyi Preston, 1908 accepted as Calliotrochus marmoreus (Pease, 1861) (doubtful synonym)
          76. Species Margarita pusilla Jeffreys, 1847 accepted as Dikoleps nitens (R. A. Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
          77. Species Margarita regalis A. E. Verrill & S. Smith, 1880 accepted as Calliotropis regalis (A. E. Verrill & S. Smith, 1880) (original combination)
          78. Species Margarita salmonea P. P. Carpenter, 1864 accepted as Margarites salmoneus (P. P. Carpenter, 1864) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          79. Species Margarita scabriuscula Dall, 1881 accepted as Calliotropis tiara (R. B. Watson, 1879)
          80. Species Margarita schantarica (Middendorff, 1849) accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849) (unaccepted combination)
          81. Species Margarita sharpii Pilsbry, 1898 accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873) (a junior synonym)
          82. Species Margarita solariiformis G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Isanda solariiformis (G. B. Sowerby I, 1838) (original combination)
          83. Species Margarita sordida Hancock, 1846 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (original combination)
          84. Species Margarita striata Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (non Leach, 1819)
            1. Variety Margarita striata var. groenlandica Möller, 1842 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (unaccepted > unavailable name)
            2. Variety Margarita striata var. margaritifera Friele, 1886 accepted as Margarites sordidus (Hancock, 1846) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          85. Species Margarita striata Leach, 1819 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
          86. Species Margarita striatula (Garrett, 1857) accepted as Calliotrochus marmoreus (Pease, 1861)
          87. Species Margarita subantarctica Strebel, 1908 accepted as Margarella subantarctica (Strebel, 1908)
          88. Species Margarita sulcata G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
          89. Species Margarita tesselata [sic] accepted as Micrelenchus tessellatus (A. Adams, 1853) (misspelling dating from Finlay, 1926)
          90. Species Margarita tessellata A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Micrelenchus tessellatus (A. Adams, 1853) (superseded combination)
          91. Species Margarita umbilicalis Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (original combination)
          92. Species Margarita undulata G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
            1. Variety Margarita undulata var. laevior Möller, 1842 accepted as Margarites groenlandicus umbilicalis (Broderip & G. B. Sowerby I, 1829) (a junior synonym)
          93. Species Margarita vahlii Møller, 1842 accepted as Margarites vahlii (Møller, 1842)
          94. Species Margarita varicosa Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842 accepted as Solariella varicosa (Mighels & C. B. Adams, 1842) (original combination)
          95. Species Margarita violacea P. P. King, 1832 accepted as Margarella violacea (P. P. King, 1832) (original combination)
          96. Species Margarita vorticifera Dall, 1873 accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873)
          97. Species Margarita vulgaris G. B. Sowerby I, 1838 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          98. Species Margarita aspecta A. Adams, 1855 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          99. Species Margarita balteata A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          100. Species Margarita carinata A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          101. Species Margarita cumingii A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain, use in recent literature not established by editor)
          102. Species Margarita ianthina A. Gould, 1861 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          103. Species Margarita lacazei Vélain, 1877 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
            1. Variety Margarita lacazei var. nigricans Vélain, 1877 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          104. Species Margarita lenticula A. Gould, 1861 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          105. Species Margarita magellanica A. Gould, 1852 (uncertain > nomen dubium, Invalid: junior primary homonym of Margarita magellanica Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848)
          106. Species Margarita pulchella Reeve, 1848 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
          107. Species Margarita variabilis A. Adams, 1853 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
        3. Genus Margaritopsis Thiele, 1906 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847 (a junior synonym)
          1. Species Margaritopsis frielei (A. Krause, 1885) accepted as Margarites olivaceus (T. Brown, 1827) (a junior synonym)
        4. Genus Omphalomargarites T. Habe & Ki. Ito, 1965 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          1. Species Omphalomargarites sagamiensis Kuroda & T. Habe, 1971 accepted as Margarites sagamiensis (Kuroda & T. Habe, 1971) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
          2. Species Omphalomargarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873) accepted as Margarites vorticiferus (Dall, 1873)
        5. Genus Pupillaria Dall, 1909 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847
          1. Species Pupillaria kamchatica (Dall, 1919) accepted as Margarites schantaricus (Middendorff, 1849) (a junior synonym)
        6. Genus Valvatella J. E. Gray, 1857 accepted as Margarites J. E. Gray, 1847 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
          1. Species Valvatella albolineata E. A. Smith, 1899 accepted as Margarites albolineatus (E. A. Smith, 1899) (original combination)
          2. Species Valvatella antarctica (E. Lamy, 1906) accepted as Margarella antarctica (E. Lamy, 1906)
          3. Species Valvatella beringensis E. A. Smith, 1899 accepted as Margarites helicinus (Phipps, 1774)
          4. Species Valvatella crebrilirulata E. A. Smith, 1907 accepted as Margarella crebrilirulata (E. A. Smith, 1907) (original combination)
          5. Species Valvatella dulcis E. A. Smith, 1907 accepted as Antimargarita dulcis (E. A. Smith, 1907) (original combination)
          6. Species Valvatella minutissima E. A. Smith, 1907 accepted as Lissotesta minutissima (E. A. Smith, 1907) (original combination)
          7. Species Valvatella refulgens E. A. Smith, 1907 accepted as Margarella refulgens (E. A. Smith, 1907) (original combination)
        marine, brackish
        recent + fossil
        Thiele, J. (1924). Revision des Systems der Trochacea. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin.</em> 11(1): 47-74. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
        Homonymy Homonymy with Margaritidae Blainville, 1824 (Bivalvia), a name also in current use, needs to be resolved   
        Homonymy Homonymy with Margaritidae Blainville, 1824 (Bivalvia), a name also in current use, needs to be resolved  [details]
        MolluscaBase eds. (2024). MolluscaBase. Margaritidae Thiele, 1924. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=714634 on 2024-07-12
        Date
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        2013-01-03 21:35:32Z
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        2019-11-27 03:12:35Z
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        Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


        original description Thiele, J. (1924). Revision des Systems der Trochacea. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin.</em> 11(1): 47-74. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

        original description  (of Margaritinae Thiele, 1924) Thiele, J. (1924). Revision des Systems der Trochacea. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin.</em> 11(1): 47-74.
        page(s): 67 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

        original description  (of Margaritinae Stoliczka, 1868) Stoliczka, F. (1867-1868). Cretaceous fauna of southern India. Palaeontologia Indica, being figures and descriptions of the organic remains procured during the progress of the Geological Survey of India. Volume 2, The Gastropoda. Parts 1-4, pp. 1-204, pls 1-16 [1 April 1867]; Part 5, pp. 205-244, pls 17-18 [1 April 1868]; Part 6, pp. 245-284, pls 19-20 [1 July 1868]; Parts 7-10, pp. 285-498, pls 21-28 [1 October 1868]. <em>Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India.</em> 5: 1-498, pls 1-28., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27448329
        page(s): 367 [details]   

        basis of record Bouchet P., Rocroi J.P., Hausdorf B., Kaim A., Kano Y., Nützel A., Parkhaev P., Schrödl M. & Strong E.E. (2017). Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 61(1-2): 1-526. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

        additional source Galkin, Yu. I. (1955). Bryukhonogiye mollyuski trokhidy dal'nevostochnykh i severnykh morey SSSR (Semeystvo Trochidae) / Брюхоногие моллюски трохиды дальневосточных и северных морей СССР (Семейство Trochidae) / Gastropod molluscs trochids of Far Eastern and northern seas of the USSR (Family Trochidae). <em>Opredeliteli po faune SSSR.</em> 57: 1-131 (in Russian)., available online at http://ashipunov.me/shipunov/school/books/galkin1955_trochidy_sssr.djvu
        page(s): 72 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

        status source Williams, S. T. (2012). Advances in molecular systematics of the vetigastropod superfamily Trochoidea. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 41(6): 571-595., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2012.00552.x [details]   
         
         Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
        From editor or global species database
        Homonymy Homonymy with Margaritidae Blainville, 1824 (Bivalvia), a name also in current use, needs to be resolved  [details]
            Definitions

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