MolluscaBase taxon details

Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809

229  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:229)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Cardiinae Lamarck, 1809
  » Genus Bucardium Gray, 1853
  » Genus Cardium Linnaeus, 1758
  » Genus Europicardium Popov, 1977
  » Genus Fulvia Gray, 1853
  » Genus Procardium ter Poorten & La Perna, 2017
  » Genus Schedocardia Stewart, 1930 †
  » Genus Vepricardium Iredale, 1929
  » Genus Acanthocardium Römer, 1868 accepted as Acanthocardia Gray, 1851
  » Genus Eucardium P. Fischer, 1887 accepted as Acanthocardia Gray, 1851 (Junior synonym of Acanthocardia J.E. Gray, 1851)
  » Genus Orbis Blainville, 1825 accepted as Acanthocardia Gray, 1851 (not available: not used as a valid name; and also invalid: junior homonym of Orbis Müller, 1767)
  » Genus Pectunculus Mörch, 1853 accepted as Vepricardium Iredale, 1929 (invalid: non Lamarck, 1799 nec da Costa, 1778)
  » Genus Rudicardia Coen, 1915 accepted as Acanthocardia Gray, 1851 (synonym)
Subfamily Clinocardiinae Kafanov, 1975
Subfamily Fraginae Stewart, 1930
Subfamily Laevicardiinae Keen, 1951
  » Genus Dinocardium Dall, 1900
  » Genus Laevicardium Swainson, 1840
  » Genus Pseudofulvia Vidal & Kirkendale, 2007
  » Genus Decussicardium Fischer-Piette, 1977 accepted as Microcardium Keen, 1937 (not available: no description)
  » Genus Liocardium Agassiz, 1846 accepted as Laevicardium Swainson, 1840 (unjustified emmendation for Laevicardium Swainson, 1840)
Subfamily Lahilliinae Finlay & Marwick, 1937 †
Subfamily Lymnocardiinae Stoliczka, 1870
  » Tribe Acanthocardiini Kafanov & Starobogatov, 1977
    » Genus Acanthocardia Gray, 1851
  » Tribe Acobaecardiini Paramonova, 1980 †
  » Tribe Adacnini Gill, 1871
    » Genus Adacna Eichwald, 1838
    » Genus Apscheronia Andrusov, 1903 †
    » Genus Caspicardium Astaf'yeva, 1955 †
    » Genus Didacna Eichwald, 1838
    » Genus Didacnoides Astaf'yeva, 1960 †
    » Genus Hypanis Ménétries, 1832
    » Genus Monodacna Eichwald, 1838
    » Genus Parapscheronia Eberzin, 1955 †
    » Genus Plagiodacnopsis Andrusov, 1923 †
    » Genus Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 †
    » Genus Hyrcania V. P. Kolesnikov, 1950 † accepted as Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 † (junior homonym of Hyrcania Monterosato, 1894 [Gastropoda]; synonym)
    » Genus Irinia G. I. Popov, 1956 † accepted as Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 † (subjective synonym)
    » Genus Neoadacna A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 accepted as Adacna Eichwald, 1838 (junior objective synonym)
    » Genus Neodidacnomya A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 † accepted as Didacnoides Astaf'yeva, 1960 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Neomonodacna A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 accepted as Monodacna Eichwald, 1838 (junior objective synonym)
    » Genus Turkmena [sic] † accepted as Turcmena G. I. Popov, 1956 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Tribe Arcicardiini Nevesskaja, 1986 †
  » Tribe Avicardiini S. V. Popov, 1977 †
  » Tribe Aviculocardiini Paramonova, 2001 †
  » Tribe Cerastodermatini F. Nordsieck, 1969
  » Tribe Chokrakiini S. V. Popov, 2001 †
  » Genus Gilletella Marinescu, 1973 †
  » Tribe Limnopappini Schlickum, 1962 †
  » Tribe Lymnocardiini Stoliczka, 1870 †
    » Genus Arpadicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Bosphoricardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Budmania Brusina, 1897 †
    » Genus Dacicardium Papaianopol, 1975 †
    » Genus Ecericardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Euxinicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Hellenicardium S. V. Popov & Nevesskaja, 2000 †
    » Genus Limnodacna Eberzin, 1936 †
    » Genus Lymnocardium Stoliczka, 1870 †
    » Genus Moquicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Nargicardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Pannonicardium Stevanović, 1951 †
    » Genus Schirvanicardium Andreescu, 1974 †
    » Genus Tauricardium Eberzin, 1947 †
    » Genus Limnocardium P. Fischer, 1887 † accepted as Lymnocardium Stoliczka, 1870 † (unjustified emendation)
    » Genus Schirvanocardium [sic] † accepted as Schirvanicardium Andreescu, 1974 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Tribe Merklinicardiini S. V. Popov, 2001 †
    » Genus Merklinicardium S. V. Popov, 1982 † (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Tribe Obsoletiformini Paramonova, 2001 †
    » Genus Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 †
    » Genus Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 †
    » Genus Chartocardium Muskhelishvili, 1978 † accepted as Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Inaequicostata Paramonova, 1971 † accepted as Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Inaequicostates Kojumdgieva, 1969 † accepted as Replidacna Jekelius, 1944 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Obsoletiforma Paramonova, 1971 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unjustified emendation)
    » Genus Protractiforma Bagdasarian, 1978 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unjustified emendation of Protractiformes; synonym)
    » Genus Protractiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (subjective synonym)
    » Genus Sarmaticardium Bagdasarian, 1978 † accepted as Obsoletiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (junior subjective synonym)
  » Tribe Pachydacnini Andreescu, 1975 †
    » Genus Pachydacna Eberzin, 1955 †
    » Genus Natella Eberzin, 1949 † accepted as Pachydacna Eberzin, 1955 † (junior homonym of Natella H. Watson, 1934 [Gastropoda] and Natella Palmer, 1937; Pachydacna is a replacement name)
    » Genus Parapachydacna Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Pachydacna (Parapachydacna) Andreescu, 1974 † represented as Pachydacna Eberzin, 1955 †
  » Tribe Paradacnini Eberzin, 1965 †
  » Tribe Parvicardiini Kafanov & Starobogatov, 1977
    » Genus Papillicardium Sacco, 1899
    » Genus Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884
    » Genus Balticardium Lambiotte, 1979 accepted as Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884 (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Cerastobyssum Høpner Petersen & Russell, 1974 accepted as Parvicardium Monterosato, 1884 (Junior synonym)
  » Tribe Phyllocardiini Nevesskaja, 1986 †
    » Genus Parvidacna Stevanović, 1950 †
    » Genus Phyllocardium P. Fischer, 1887 †
    » Genus Lunadacna Motaş & Mihaila, 1973 † accepted as Parvidacna Stevanović, 1950 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Parvadacna [sic] † accepted as Parvidacna Stevanović, 1950 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
    » Genus Phyllicardium [sic] † accepted as Phyllocardium P. Fischer, 1887 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Tribe Planacardiini Paramonova, 2001 †
  » Tribe Plicatiformini Paramonova, 2001 †
    » Genus Plicatiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 †
    » Genus Plicatiforma Paramonova, 1971 † accepted as Plicatiformes Kojumdgieva, 1969 † (unjustified emendation)
  » Tribe Pontalmyrini Taktakischvili, 1981 †
    » Genus Caladacna Andrusov, 1917 †
    » Genus Chartoconcha Andrusov, 1907 †
    » Genus Digressodacna Davitashvili & Kitovani, 1964 †
    » Genus Diversicostata Vassoevich & Eberzin, 1930 †
    » Genus Luxuridacna Papaianopol, 1980 †
    » Genus Oraphocardium Eberzin, 1949 †
    » Genus Oxydacna Davitashvili, 1930 †
    » Genus Panticapaea Andrusov, 1923 †
    » Genus Pontalmyra Stefanescu, 1896 †
    » Genus Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 †
    » Genus Pteradacna Andrusov, 1907 †
    » Genus Submonodacna Livental, 1931 †
    » Genus Tschaudia Davitashvili & Kitovani, 1964 †
    » Genus Crassadacna Eberzin, 1962 † accepted as Pontalmyra Stefanescu, 1896 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Kaladacna [sic] † accepted as Caladacna Andrusov, 1917 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
    » Genus Macradacna Eberzin, 1967 † accepted as Diversicostata Vassoevich & Eberzin, 1930 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Neopseudocatillus A. A. Ali-Zade, 1973 † accepted as Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 † (junior objective synonym)
    » Genus Osoinia Stevanović, 1978 † accepted as Pseudocatillus Andrusov, 1903 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Oxidacna [sic] † accepted as Oxydacna Davitashvili, 1930 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
    » Genus Pseudocardita Oppenheim, 1919 † accepted as Didacna Eichwald, 1838 (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Stenodacna Andrusov, 1923 † (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Tribe Prosodacnini Keen, 1937 †
    » Genus Horiodacna Stefanescu, 1896 †
    » Genus Metadacna Eberzin, 1959 †
    » Genus Prionopleura Eberzin, 1949 †
    » Genus Prosochiasta Eberzin, 1959 †
    » Genus Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 †
    » Genus Prosodacnomya Eberzin, 1959 †
    » Genus Stylodacna Stefanescu, 1896 †
    » Genus Zamphiridacna Motaş, 1974 †
    » Genus Eupatorina Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Pseudoprosodacna Gillet, 1971 † (junior objective synonym)
    » Genus Fischeridacna Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Pachyprionopleura Andreescu, 1974 † accepted as Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 † (junior subjective synonym)
    » Genus Psilodon Cobălcescu, 1883 † accepted as Prosodacna Tournouër, 1882 † (junior homonym of Psilodon Perty, 1830 [Coleoptera]; junior synonym)
    » Genus Styladacna [sic] † accepted as Stylodacna Stefanescu, 1896 † (incorrect subsequent spelling)
  » Genus Pseudoprosodacna Gillet, 1971 †
  » Genus Brachiodacna Eberzin, 1965 † (nomen nudum, Not available: no description)
  » Genus Chartadacna Chelidze, 1953 † (nomen nudum, Not available: no type species designated)
  » Genus Kolesnikovia Muskhelishvili, 1966 † (nomen nudum, Not available: no type species designated)
  » Tribe Hyrcaniini Kafanov & Starobogatov, 1977 † accepted as Adacnini Gill, 1871 (junior subjective synonym)
  » Genus Didacnomya Andrusov, 1923 † (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Genus Myocardia Vest, 1861 † (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Genus Papyrocardium Gabuniya, 1953 † (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Genus Prophyllicardium Jekelius, 1944 † (uncertain, unassessed)
  » Genus Uniocardium Capellini, 1880 † (uncertain, unassessed)
Subfamily Orthocardiinae J. A. Schneider, 2002
Subfamily Protocardiinae Bronn, 1849 †
Subfamily Trachycardiinae Stewart, 1930
  » Genus Acrosterigma Dall, 1900
  » Genus Dallocardia Stewart, 1930
  » Genus Papyridea Swainson, 1840
  » Genus Trachycardium Mörch, 1853
  » Genus Vasticardium Iredale, 1927
  » Genus Cochlea Martyn, 1786 accepted as Vasticardium Iredale, 1927 (Unavailable: published in a work placed by ICZN on Official Index)
  » Genus Regozara Iredale, 1936 accepted as Vasticardium Iredale, 1927
Subfamily Tridacninae Lamarck, 1819
  » Genus Avicularium Gray, 1853 †
  » Genus Byssocardium Tournouër, 1882 †
  » Genus Goniocardium Vasseur, 1880 †
  » Genus Hippopus Lamarck, 1799
  » Genus Omanidacna Harzhauser & Mandic, 2008 †
  » Genus Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
  » Genus Cerceis Gistel, 1848 accepted as Hippopus Lamarck, 1799 (Replacement name for Hippopus Lamarck, 1799. Invalid: junior homonym of Cerceis Milne Edwards, 1840)
  » Genus Dinodacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
  » Genus Flodacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
  » Genus Persikima Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
  » Genus Sepidacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
  » Genus Tridachnes Röding, 1798 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797
  » Genus Tridacne Link, 1807 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797 (Incorrect subsequent spelling.)
  » Genus Vulgodacna Iredale, 1937 accepted as Tridacna Bruguière, 1797

Subfamily [unassigned] Cardiidae (temporary name)
  » Genus Austrocardium Freneix & Grant-Mackie, 1978 †
  » Genus Discors Deshayes, 1858
  » Genus Ethmocardium White, 1880 †
  » Genus Frigidocardium Habe, 1951
  » Genus Goethemia Lambiotte, 1979
  » Genus Granocardium Gabb, 1869 †
  » Genus Habecardium Glibert & van de Poel, 1970 †
  » Genus Hedecardium Marwick, 1944 †
  » Genus Keenaea Habe, 1951
  » Genus Lophocardium P. Fischer, 1887
  » Genus Maoricardium Marwick, 1944
  » Genus Microcardium Keen, 1937
  » Genus Nemocardium Meek, 1876
  » Genus Pratulum Iredale, 1924
  » Genus Trifaricardium Kuroda & Habe, 1951 accepted as Frigidocardium Habe, 1951
  » Genus Varicardium Marwick, 1944 † accepted as Nemocardium (Varicardium) Marwick, 1944 † accepted as Nemocardium Meek, 1876

Genus Fuscocardium Oyama, 1973 † accepted as Clinocardium Keen, 1936 (synonym)
Subfamily Stylodacninae Papaianopol, 1987 † accepted as Prosodacnini Keen, 1937 †
Genus Trigonocardia [sic] accepted as Trigoniocardia Dall, 1900 (misspelling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Lamarck J.-B. (M. de) (1809). Philosophie zoologique. <i>Paris 2 vol. pp. 422 pp. 473</i>:  [details]   
MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Accessed at: https://molluscabase.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=229 on 2021-12-05
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2009-01-22 20:27:55Z
changed
2014-08-26 17:05:17Z
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2021-01-04 05:55:37Z
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original description Lamarck J.-B. (M. de) (1809). Philosophie zoologique. <i>Paris 2 vol. pp. 422 pp. 473</i>:  [details]   

taxonomy source Herrera, N. D.; Poorten, J. J. ter; Bieler, R.; Mikkelsen, P. M.; Strong, E. E.; Jablonski, D.; Steppan, S. J. (2015). Molecular phylogenetics and historical biogeography amid shifting continents in the cockles and giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae). <em>Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.</em> 93: 94-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.07.013 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bieler, R.; Carter, J. G.; Coan, E. V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. <em>Malacologia.</em> 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

status source Poorten, J.J. ter, 2005. Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net. (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), available online at http://www.conchology.be/en/shelltopics/visaya-net/date.php?year=2005 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Spelling Cardidae [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch kokkelshartschelpen  [details]
English cockles  [details]
French coques  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål hjerteskjell  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk hjarteskjel  [details]
Swedish hjärtmusslor  [details]

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